Pierre-Antoine Defossez

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Calorie restriction extends life-span in a wide variety of organisms. Although it has been suggested that calorie restriction may work by reducing the levels of reactive oxygen species produced during respiration, the mechanism by which this regimen slows aging is uncertain. Here, we mimicked calorie restriction in yeast by physiological or genetic means(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) extends lifespan in a wide spectrum of organisms and is the only regimen known to lengthen the lifespan of mammals. We established a model of CR in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this system, lifespan can be extended by limiting glucose or by reducing the activity of the glucose-sensing cyclic-AMP-dependent kinase (PKA).(More)
A cause of aging in yeast is the accumulation of circular species of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) arising from the 100-200 tandemly repeated copies in the genome. We show here that mutation of the FOB1 gene slows the generation of these circles and thus extends life span. Fob1p is known to create a unidirectional block to replication forks in the rDNA. We show that(More)
In vertebrates, densely methylated DNA is associated with inactive transcription. Actors in this process include proteins of the MBD family that can recognize methylated CpGs and repress transcription. Kaiso, a structurally unrelated protein, has also been shown to bind methylated CGCGs through its three Krüppel-like C2H2 zinc fingers. The human genome(More)
ERM, ER81 and PEA3 are three highly related transcription factors belonging to the ETS family. Together they form the PEA3 group within this family. Little data is yet available regarding the roles of these three genes during embryonic development. A prerequisite to investigations in this field is to obtain an accurate spatio-temporal expression map for the(More)
DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic mark. Three classes of mammalian proteins recognize methylated DNA: MBD proteins, SRA proteins and the zinc-finger proteins Kaiso, ZBTB4 and ZBTB38. The last three proteins can bind either methylated DNA or unmethylated consensus sequences; how this is achieved is largely unclear. Here, we report that the human(More)
The ets-related transcription factors PEA3 and ER81 have recently been isolated and characterized in the mouse. They share 95% identity in a 85 amino acid (AA) domain termed the ETS domain which is responsible for DNA binding, and therefore they form an Ets family group. By screening a human testis cDNA library with a probe containing the mouse PEA3 ETS(More)
In response to stimuli that activate p53, cells can undergo either apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, depending on the precise pattern of p53 target genes that is activated. We show here that Zbtb4, a transcriptional repressor protein, associates with the Sin3/histone deacetylase co-repressor and represses expression of P21CIP1 as part of a heterodimeric(More)
Insulators are sequences that uncouple adjacent chromosome domains. Here we have shown that Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rap1p and Abf1p proteins are endowed with a potent insulating capacity. Insulating domains in Rap1p coincide with previously described transcription activation domains, whereas four adjacent subdomains spanning the whole of the Abf1p C(More)
The BTB domain is a protein-protein interaction motif that is found throughout eukaryotes. It determines a unique tri-dimensional fold with a large interaction surface. The exposed residues are highly variable and can permit dimerization and oligomerization, as well as interaction with a number of other proteins. BTB-containing proteins are numerous and(More)