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The phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (PKB)/Bad signal transduction pathway is engaged in the control of apoptosis in many different cell types, particularly through phosphorylation of the Bcl-2 family protein Bad. We examined the involvement of this pathway in the control of programmed cell death in the retina of developing rats. PKB is(More)
Neurotensin (NT) receptor binding sites were characterized and localized by using membrane binding assay and in vitro receptor autoradiography in monkey and human brain. Additionally, the effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) treatment on NT binding sites were investigated in monkey. [125I]Tyr3-NT ([125I]NT) apparently binds to a(More)
The role of activating protein-1 (AP-1) in muscle cells is currently equivocal. While some studies propose that AP-1 is inhibitory for myogenesis, others implicate a positive role in this process. We tested whether this variation may be due to different properties of the AP-1 subunit composition in differentiating cells. Using Western analysis we show that(More)
BACKGROUND Cell transformation by the Src tyrosine kinase is characterized by extensive changes in gene expression. In this study, we took advantage of several strains of the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) to characterize the patterns of v-Src-dependent gene expression in two different primary cell types, namely chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) and chicken(More)
The cloning of the MEN1 gene in 1997 led to the characterization of menin, the protein behind the multiple endocrine neoplasia Type 1 syndrome. Menin, a novel nuclear protein with no homology to other gene products, is expressed ubiquitously. MEN1 missense mutations are dispersed along the coding region of the gene but are more common in the most conserved(More)
Chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) express several growth arrest-specific (GAS) gene products in G0. In contact-inhibited cells, the expression of the most abundant of these proteins, the p20K lipocalin, is activated at the transcriptional level by C/EBPbeta. In this report, we describe the role of C/EBPbeta in CEF proliferation. We show that the expression(More)
Menin, the product of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type I gene, has been implicated in several biological processes, including the control of gene expression and apoptosis, the modulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways, and DNA damage sensing or repair. In this study, we have investigated the function of menin in the model organism(More)
The p38 members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily are activated by both environmental stress and endogenous signals, and may have either permissive or inhibitory roles upon both cell proliferation and cell death in the retina. We have previously shown that anisomycin, a protein synthesis inhibitor, and 2-aminopurine, a specific(More)
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) represent a subset of breast tumors that are highly aggressive and metastatic, and are responsible for a disproportionate number of breast cancer-related deaths. Several studies have postulated a role for the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program in the increased aggressiveness and metastatic propensity of(More)