Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo

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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES To compare the efficacy of a diet rich in natural folate and of two different folic acid supplementation protocols in subjects with "moderate" hyperhomocysteinemia, also taking into account C677T polymorphism of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene. SUBJECTS/METHODS We performed a 13 week open, randomized, double(More)
An historical cohort study of the association between maternal epilepsy, anticonvulsant drugs and fetal growth was carried out among 47 hospitals collaborating in the Italian Multicentric Registry on Birth Defects (IPIMC). Birth weight, head circumference and body length were studied in 164 babies of epileptic women and compared to 185 controls.(More)
OBJECTIVE Because there are no studies available on the safety of venlafaxine during pregnancy, the authors' goal in this study was to determine whether venlafaxine increases the risk for major malformations. METHOD Data on 150 women exposed to venlafaxine during pregnancy in seven pregnancy counseling centers were compared with data from studies of(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010 a Cochrane review confirmed that folic acid (FA) supplementation prevents the first- and second-time occurrence of neural tube defects (NTDs). At present some evidence from observational studies supports the hypothesis that FA supplementation can reduce the risk of all congenital malformations (CMs) or the risk of a specific and selected(More)
BACKGROUND Preconception counseling is effective in reducing the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. The Internet is commonly used by women and health professionals to search for health information. We compared the consistency of preconception information found on the Internet with the recommendations published by American Journal of Obstetrics and(More)
BACKGROUND Preconception care may be an efficacious tool to reduce risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes that are associated with lifestyles and health status before pregnancy. We conducted a web-based cohort study in Italian women planning a pregnancy to assess whether a tailored web intervention may change knowledge and behaviours associated with(More)
OBJECTIVES Adequate preconception maternal health care is essential to reduce the risk of unwanted pregnancy outcomes and complications. Still, many women are exposed to a number of unhealthy risk factors both before and early in pregnancy. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of a number of important preconception risk factors using data from a(More)
About 90,000 preterm infants or babies with birth defects are born in Italy every year, nearly 250 per day. These congenital conditions and their outcomes represent the most important burden of disease affecting the health status and the quality of life during infancy, childhood and beyond. In many cases they are fostered by the presence of maternal and/or(More)