Learn More
Morphological, qualitative observations allow pathologists to correlate the shape the cells acquire with the progressive, underlying neoplastic transformation they are experienced. Cell morphology, indeed, roughly scales with malignancy. A quantitative parameter for characterizing complex irregular structures is the Normalized Bending Energy (NBE). NBE(More)
Previous investigations demonstrated that melatonin exerts an oncostatic action on estrogen-responsive breast cancer, both in vitro and in vivo. Nevertheless, the pro-apoptotic effect of melatonin is still a matter of debate. An experimental study was undertaken to focus on melatonin-related apoptosis and to identify the apoptotic pathways involved. Whole(More)
BACKGROUND The role of thrombin in the stimulation of endothelial cell (EC) proliferation is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate if thrombin regulates cell proliferation and production of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), bovine fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) by bovine aortic(More)
Etiological and molecular studies on the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease have yet to determine the underlying mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with Alzheimer's disease, and has been hypothesized to promote neurodegeneration, by inhibiting brain methylation activity. The aim of this work was to determine whether a(More)
In recent years, studies of cancer development and recurrence have been influenced by the cancer stem cells (CSCs)/cancer-initiating cells (CICs) hypothesis. According to this, cancer is sustained by highly positioned, chemoresistant cells with extensive capacity of self renewal, which are responsible for disease relapse after chemotherapy. Growth of cancer(More)
Previous studies have shown that proteins extracted from Zebrafish embryo share some cytostatic characteristics in cancer cells. Our study was conducted to ascertain the biological properties of this protein network. Cancer cell growth and apoptosis were studied in Caco2 cells treated with embryonic extracts. Cell proliferation was significantly inhibited(More)
Apoptosis control in adult testis is crucial to achieve normal spermatogenesis. In this study c-FLIP, an apoptosis-modulating protein, was investigated. In Western blot and immunohistochemical analyses, the 55 KDa c-FLIP long isoform (c-FLIP(L)) was found to be expressed strongly in spermatocytes and spermatids, at low levels in spermatogonia and at almost(More)
Stem cell differentiation stage factors (SCDSF), taken from Zebrafish embryos during the stage in which totipotent stem cells are differentiating into pluripotent stem cells, have been shown to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in colon tumors. In order to ascertain if these embryonic factors could synergistically/additively interact with(More)
Atherosclerosis and neointimal hyperplasia formation are induced by alterations in the homeostatic balance between cell growth and cell death. Apoptosis is a physiological cell death process that, when deregulated, may be involved in many pathological conditions. Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor for vascular disease and nicotine seems to exert its(More)
BACKGROUND Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death throughout the world, and the risk to develop this malignant disease seems to be associated with long-term cigarette smoking. Nicotine, one of the major components of cigarette smoking, can stimulate cell proliferation and suppress apoptosis both in normal cells and in several(More)