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Etiological and molecular studies on the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease have yet to determine the underlying mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with Alzheimer's disease, and has been hypothesized to promote neurodegeneration, by inhibiting brain methylation activity. The aim of this work was to determine whether a(More)
Morphological, qualitative observations allow pathologists to correlate the shape the cells acquire with the progressive, underlying neoplastic transformation they are experienced. Cell morphology, indeed, roughly scales with malignancy. A quantitative parameter for characterizing complex irregular structures is the Normalized Bending Energy (NBE). NBE(More)
Metabolic profiling is a metabolomic approach that allows the characterization of metabolic phenotypes under specific set of conditions. In the present paper we investigated the metabolism of sparse and high density cultures in relation to different cell growth phases. Changes in the metabolome were evaluated by using 1H-NMR spectroscopy, correlation map(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Breast cancer remains a leading cause of mortality among women. In metastasis, cascade migration of cancer cells and invasion of extracellular matrix (ECM) represent critical steps. Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), as well as metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9, strongly contribute to ECM remodelling, thus becoming associated(More)
Previous investigations demonstrated that melatonin exerts an oncostatic action on estrogen-responsive breast cancer, both in vitro and in vivo. Nevertheless, the pro-apoptotic effect of melatonin is still a matter of debate. An experimental study was undertaken to focus on melatonin-related apoptosis and to identify the apoptotic pathways involved. Whole(More)
Cigarette smoking is implicated in the development of colon cancer. Furthermore, nicotine increases cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis through α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7-nAChR) activation in human colon carcinoma cells. An open issue is whether nicotine interfere with colorectal cancer pharmacological treatment, by inhibiting(More)
Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is caused by a single monoclonal adenoma in more than 80% of patients. Biomolecular mechanisms causing pHPT are still not completely known, even if a great amount of studies have been developed recently, mainly regarding angiogenesis and growth factors. Among the latter, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), basic(More)
BACKGROUND The role of thrombin in the stimulation of endothelial cell (EC) proliferation is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate if thrombin regulates cell proliferation and production of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), bovine fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) by bovine aortic(More)
Atherosclerosis and neointimal hyperplasia formation are induced by alterations in the homeostatic balance between cell growth and cell death. Apoptosis is a physiological cell death process that, when deregulated, may be involved in many pathological conditions. Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor for vascular disease and nicotine seems to exert its(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a highly specific chemotactic and mitogenic factor for vascular endothelial cells (EC), appears to be involved in the development of atherosclerosis. The purpose of our study was to assess if VEGF might indirectly stimulate SMC migration and proliferation in a EC-SMC coculture system, through the(More)