Piero Ruggeri

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The effect of a strenuous treadmill exercise on body stability and the mechanisms associated with it have been studied with two different experimental protocols. The former investigation was based on stabilometric and metabolic measurements performed in basal condition and after a strenuous treadmill exercise whilst the latter dealt with the study of the(More)
The cerebellum is involved in the generation of essential tremor (ET) and cerebellar timing function is altered in patients with ET showing an increased variability of rhythmic hand movements. Using a sensor-engineered glove, we evaluated motor behaviour during repetitive finger tapping movements in 15 patients with ET and in 11 age- and gender-matched(More)
The performance of a demanding exercise can result in motor performance deterioration and depression of primary motor cortex excitability. In the present work we defined a motor task that requires measurable skilled performance to unveil motor performance changes during the execution of a demanding task and to investigate the dynamics of motor performance(More)
Motor imagery (MI) is the ability to imagine performing a movement without executing it. In literature, there have been numerous reports on the influence of MI on motor practice and the beneficial effects of "mental practice" on the physical performance has been suggested to rely to the close temporal association between motor rehearsal and actual(More)
Mirror visual feedback (MVF) therapy has been demonstrated to be successful in neurorehabilitation, probably inducing neuroplasticity changes in the primary motor cortex (M1). However, it is not known whether MVF training influences the hemispheric balance between the M1s. This topic is of extreme relevance when MVF training is applied to stroke(More)
Creatine (Cr) is essential in safeguarding ATP levels and in moving ATP from its production site (mitochondria) to the cytoplasmic regions where it is used. Moreover, it has effects unrelated to energy metabolism, such as free radical scavenging, antiapoptotic action, and protection against excitotoxicity. Recent research has studied Cr-derived compounds(More)
The firing frequency of baroreceptive neurons in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) during microiontophoretic application of muscimol, a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A agonist, or baclofen, a GABAB agonist, was monitored in anesthetized rats. Muscimol decreased the spontaneous discharge of 69 of 73 (94.5%) NTS baroreceptive neurons without affecting the(More)
Gait disturbances are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and are associated with increased energy expenditure during walking. This study evaluated whether the effects of treadmill training are associated with an improvement of walking economy. Ten patients with idiopathic PD underwent treadmill training (30 min, three times a week for 4 weeks). Walking(More)
BACKGROUND Action observation influences motor performance in healthy subjects and persons with motor impairments. OBJECTIVE To understand the effects of action observation on the spontaneous rate of finger movements in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS Participants, 20 with PD and 14 healthy controls, were randomly divided into 2 groups.(More)
To determine the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in the residents of four Italian psychiatric institutions, we examined the stool specimens collected in triplicate from 238 residents, enrolled between May 1995 and May 1996. Besides, physician and staff nurses provided data about each resident by standardized questionnaires. Parasites were(More)