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The performance, in Baeyer-Villiger and heteroatom oxidations, of a partially purified preparation of cyclohexanone monooxygenase obtained from an Escherichia coli strain in which the gene of the enzyme was cloned and overexpressed was investigated. As model reactions, the oxidations of racemic bicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one into two regioisomeric lactones(More)
Peroxidases are ubiquitous oxidoreductases that use hydrogen peroxide or alkyl peroxides as oxidants. Advances have recently been made in using them to prepare, under mild and controlled conditions, chiral organic molecules that are valuable for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of a wide range of useful compounds. Horseradish peroxidase can be converted into a(More)
Cyclohexanone monooxygenase from Acinetobacter calcoaceticus catalyzes the asymmetric oxidation of tert-butyl disulfide to enantiomerically pure (R)-tert-butyl tert-butanethiosulfinate. Lower enantioselectivities and conversions were observed in the oxidation of i-propyl, n-butyl, p-tolyl tert-butyl disulfides and alkylthiophosphonates.
The effect of the lyotropic series of anions on the stability and renaturation of tetrameric 20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17,20 beta,21-trihydroxysteroid:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1.53) was investigated. The variations in enzymatic activity were correlated with the changes in protein fluorescence, circular dichroism, reactivity of histidine(More)
Subtilisin Carlsberg was found to catalyze transesterification between N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine chloroethyl ester and ethanol in supercritical carbon dioxide. The effects of different temperatures and carbon dioxide/ethanol ratios on the reaction rate were investigated. A comparative study showed that enzymatic transesterification is faster in supercritical(More)
The gastric antisecretory activity of an inhibitor newly isolated from human urine (Human Urinary Gastric Inhibitor or HUGI) has been studied. HUGI was given intravenously and its activity determined in the following test systems: gastric secretion in the rat with pyloric ligation; gastric secretion in the dog with a Heidenhain pouch stimulated with(More)
Tetrameric 20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17,20 beta,21-trihydroxysteroid:NAD+ oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.1.53) from Streptomyces hydrogenans was reactivated after inactivation, dissociation and denaturation with urea. The effect of several factors such as NAD+, NADH, substrate, sulphydryl reducing agents, extraneous proteins, pH and enzyme concentration(More)
The chemical and physical properties of the high-molecular-weight glycoprotein (SO20, w = 8S; Ve=Vo on Sephadex G-200) with gastric antisecretory activity extracted from the urine of pregnant women were studied. Gel filtration in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate and sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-disc-gel electrophoresis indicated subunit(More)
The oxidation of alkyl aryl sulphides by myeloperoxidase (MPO) at the expense of hydrogen peroxide was investigated under steady-state conditions. The sulphide concentration effect was studied under saturating H2O2 concentrations at pH 5.0 and 20 degreesC. The kinetic constants, kcat and Km, of the different substrates were determined and the values were in(More)
Glucagon was immobilized onto Sepharose matrices activated with CNBr or tresyl chloride, as a function of several parameters including pH of coupling, concentration of added polypeptide, and presence or absence of urea. The hormone was linked to the matrix through a single point per molecule, namely, the epsilon -amino group of Lys(12) when the coupling was(More)