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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation. Their aberrant expression may be involved in human diseases, including cancer. Indeed, miRNA aberrant expression has been previously found in human chronic lymphocytic leukemias, where miRNA(More)
The ability of vaccination with plasmids coding for the extracellular and the transmembrane domain of the product of transforming rat Her-2/neu oncogene (r-p185) to protect against r-p185(+) transplantable carcinoma (TUBO) cells and mammary carcinogenesis was evaluated. In normal BALB/c mice, DNA vaccination elicits anti-r-p185 Ab, but only a marginal CTL(More)
It is widely accepted that metastasis is a late event in cancer progression. Here, however, we show that tumor cells can disseminate systemically from earliest epithelial alterations in HER-2 and PyMT transgenic mice and from ductal carcinoma in situ in women. Wild-type mice transplanted with single premalignant HER-2 transgenic glands displayed(More)
The ability of interleukin (IL)-12 to prevent tumors when administered to individuals with a genetic risk of cancer was studied in two lines of transgenic mice expressing rat HER-2/neu oncogene in the mammary gland. Female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice carrying the activated HER-2/ neu oncogene show no morphological abnormalities of the mammary gland until 3 wk of(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway crucially controls metabolism and cell growth. Although different PI3K catalytic subunits are known to play distinct roles, the specific in vivo function of p110beta (the product of the PIK3CB gene) is not clear. Here, we show that mouse mutants expressing a catalytically inactive PIK3CB(K805R) mutant survived to(More)
Previous studies in mice have shown that chronic administration of recombinant interleukin-12 (IL-12) hampers the progression of both chemical- and oncogene-dependent carcinogenesis. This suggests that a new preventive strategy may be envisaged for individuals with a genetic risk of cancer or carrying preneoplastic lesions. Starting at progressive stages of(More)
reactions The intriguing role of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in antitumor Updated information and services can be found at: (434 articles) Review Articles (973 articles) Phagocytes (4217 articles) Neoplasia (4939 articles) Immunobiology (564 articles) Chemokines, Cytokines, and Interleukins (790 articles) Cell Adhesion and Motility Articles on similar(More)
Because BALB/c mice transgenic for the rat Her-2/neu oncogene develop multifocal carcinomas in all mammary glands by week 33, they constitute an aggressive model for investigation of treatments designed to oppose mammary carcinogenesis. Nonspecific immune reaction elicited by systemic interleukin (IL)-12 both delayed the appearance of the first tumor and(More)
The nonmammalian cytosine deaminase (CD) enzyme converts the nontoxic prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) to the toxic metabolite 5-fluorouracil. Parental cells of a mammary adenocarcinoma (TSA-pc) of BALB/c mice were transfected with the CD gene (TSA-CD), and the ability of 5-FC to hamper their growth was evaluated. A quantity amounting to 0.5 mg of 5-FC/0.3(More)
The binding of cytokines to the gp130 receptor activates the STAT3, MEK/MAPK, and PI3K/Akt signalling pathways. To assess the relative importance of these pathways in promoting the survival of cytokine-dependent neurons, we conditionally inactivated STAT3 in mice and inhibited MEK, PI3K, and Akt in cultured neurons using pharmacological reagents and by(More)