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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation. Their aberrant expression may be involved in human diseases, including cancer. Indeed, miRNA aberrant expression has been previously found in human chronic lymphocytic leukemias, where miRNA(More)
The binding of cytokines to the gp130 receptor activates the STAT3, MEK/MAPK, and PI3K/Akt signalling pathways. To assess the relative importance of these pathways in promoting the survival of cytokine-dependent neurons, we conditionally inactivated STAT3 in mice and inhibited MEK, PI3K, and Akt in cultured neurons using pharmacological reagents and by(More)
The ability of interleukin (IL)-12 to prevent tumors when administered to individuals with a genetic risk of cancer was studied in two lines of transgenic mice expressing rat HER-2/neu oncogene in the mammary gland. Female BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice carrying the activated HER-2/ neu oncogene show no morphological abnormalities of the mammary gland until 3 wk of(More)
We have analysed the expression of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) on a panel of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines. None of the 11 SCLC cell lines studied expressed detectable surface IL-2R alpha or beta chains by indirect immunofluorescence. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses indicated that only one out of 11 cell lines(More)
Growing evidence suggests that aberrant production of inflammatory cytokines within the central nervous system (CNS) contributes to the development of pathological conditions. To test the cause-effect relationship between the overproduction of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the CNS and the onset of neuropathological changes, we have generated transgenic mice in(More)
reactions The intriguing role of polymorphonuclear neutrophils in antitumor Updated information and services can be found at: (434 articles) Review Articles (973 articles) Phagocytes (4217 articles) Neoplasia (4939 articles) Immunobiology (564 articles) Chemokines, Cytokines, and Interleukins (790 articles) Cell Adhesion and Motility Articles on similar(More)
It is unknown whether zoledronic acid (ZA) at clinically relevant doses is active against tumours not located in bone. Mice transgenic for the activated ErbB-2 oncogene were treated with a cumulative number of doses equivalent to that recommended in human beings. A significant increase in tumour-free and overall survival was observed in mice treated with(More)
The concept of tumor immune surveillance has been supported by several recent studies in mice which show that immune effector mechanisms suppress hematologic malig-nancy. However, because the most common forms of human cancer are epithelial in origin, and comparatively very little data supports the immune surveillance of epithelial malig-nancies, we have(More)
Immunotherapy applied to patients with established tumors rarely leads to an objective response, whereas patients apparently free from disease after conventional treatment and at risk of recurrence are beginning to receive vaccination. New classes of patients or not-yet patients are those with a high genetic or environmental risk of developing cancer. They(More)
Transgenic Balb/c mice expressing the transforming rat HER-2/neu oncogene develop early and multifocal mammary carcinomas. Within the first 5 months of life the tissue-specific expression of HER-2/neu causes a progression in all their 10 mammary glands from atypical hyperplasia to invasive carcinoma. It was previously observed that chronic administration of(More)