Piero Maestrelli

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Substantial epidemiologic and clinical evidence indicates that agents inhaled at work can induce asthma. In industrialized countries, occupational factors have been implicated in 9 to 15% of all cases of adult asthma. Work-related asthma includes (1) immunologic occupational asthma (OA), characterized by a latency period before the onset of symptoms; (2)(More)
Previous studies have shown an increased number of inflammatory cells and, in particular, CD8+ve cells in the airways of smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study we investigated whether a similar inflammatory process is also present in the lungs, and particularly in lung parenchyma and pulmonary arteries. We examined surgical(More)
To investigate whether the inflammatory process in peripheral airways is different in smokers who develop symptoms of chronic bronchitis and chronic airflow limitation and in asymptomatic smokers who do not develop chronic airflow limitation, we examined surgical specimens obtained from 16 smokers undergoing lung resection for localized pulmonary lesions.(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis and the pathologic alterations of occupational asthma are similar to those of nonoccupational asthma. Occupational asthma may therefore represent a useful model of "human asthma" to investigate mechanisms and pathophysiology of asthma in general. In an occupational setting the cause and onset of asthma may be easily identified,(More)
Biopsy specimens were obtained from the bronchial or the nasal mucosa of three patients with grass pollen-induced bronchial asthma or rhinitis 48 h after positive bronchial or nasal provocation test with grass pollen extract. T cell clones (TCC), derived from these and control specimens, were then assessed for their phenotype, allergen-specificity, profile(More)
Airway epithelium represents the first line of defense against toxic inhalants. In some subjects, cigarette smoking causes airway inflammation, hypersecretion of mucus, and poorly reversible airflow limitation through mechanisms that are still largely unknown. Likewise, it is unclear why only some smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(More)
To investigate the relationship between airflow limitation and airway inflammation in smokers, we examined paraffin-embedded bronchial biopsies obtained from 30 smokers: 10 with severe airflow limitation, eight with mild/moderate airflow limitation, and 12 control smokers with normal lung function. Histochemical and immunohistochemical methods were(More)
BACKGROUND COPD is an inflammatory disorder characterised by chronic airflow limitation, but the extent to which airway inflammation is related to functional abnormalities is still uncertain. The interaction between inflammatory cells and airway smooth muscle may have a crucial role. METHODS To investigate the microlocalisation of inflammatory cells(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking may cause inflammation of the airways and impairment of lung function. To determine the relationship between the type and degree of airways inflammation and the decline in lung function, leucocytes in the sputum of smokers and ex-smokers were examined. METHODS Forty six smokers and ex-smokers of median age 64 years (25%; 75% percentiles(More)