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OBJECTIVE The aim of the present work is the analysis of mobility of human dentition under the action of physiological short-term loading by using a numerical approach. The mobility of tooth is mainly attributed to the deformation of the periodontal ligament, hence particular attention is focused on the definition of a suitable constitutive model for this(More)
Muscle tissue engineering can provide support to large congenital skeletal muscle defects using scaffolds able to allow cell migration, proliferation and differentiation. Acellular extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffold can generate a positive inflammatory response through the activation of anti-inflammatory T-cell populations and M2 polarized macrophages that(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the present work is to investigate the interaction phenomena occurring between endosseus dental implants and peri-implant bone tissue. MATERIAL AND METHODS Detailed finite element models are adopted in order to analyze the actual behavior of bone-implant system depending on implant and anatomical site configuration and loading(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of the present work was to use numerical analysis to evaluate the relevance of stress states induced in peri-implant bone tissue by a misfit in a dental fixed prosthesis. Misfits in both mesial-distal and lingual-labial directions were considered to investigate a realistic configuration of the problem. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
An investigation is carried out on the effects induced in bone tissue surrounding oral implants placed in the premolar region of a mandible by using a numerical approach. In particular, a single implant and a multiple implant frame under loading are considered. The effects of accuracy in the coupling of the connecting bar and implants are evaluated. The(More)
Ten dissections of inferior limbs and histological studies were performed to describe the structural conformation of the muscular fascia of the leg (crural fascia) and to propose a constitutive model to be adopted for the analysis of its biomechanical behaviour. The crural fascia had a mean thickness of 924 microm and was composed of three layers (mean(More)
The mechanical properties of deep fasciae strongly affect muscular actions, development of pathologies, such as acute and chronic compartment syndromes, and the choice of the various fascial flaps. Actually, a clear knowledge of the mechanical characterization of these tissues still lacks. This study focuses attention on experimental tests of different(More)
A visco-elasto-plastic constitutive model is formulated for investigating the mechanics of cortical bone tissue, accounting for an anisotropic configuration and post-elastic and time-dependent phenomena. The constitutive model is developed with reference to experimental data obtained from literature on the behaviour of cortical bone taken from multiple(More)
A viscoelastic constitutive model for the periodontal ligament (PDL) capable of accounting for large strains, anisotropy, and inelastic time-dependent effects was developed. Anisotropy characteristics are determined by the composite nature of the tissue and, in particular, by the distribution of collagen fibres. Time-dependent viscous phenomena are due to(More)
A constitutive model is proposed to describe the mechanical behavior of the plantar fascia. The mechanical characterization of the plantar fascia regards the role in the foot biomechanics and it is involved in many alterations of its functional behavior, both of mechanical and nonmechanical origin. The structural conformation of the plantar fascia in its(More)