Piero Bonvicini

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Circulating leptin concentrations are shown to be influenced not only by hormones, but also by body weight and energy balance. High altitude (HA) exposure induces a daily negative energy balance and stress hormone activation. The aim of our study was to evaluate leptin concentration during both acute and prolonged HA exposure and its correlations with some(More)
We investigated the performances of HbA1c determination by a latex enhanced turbidimetric immunoassay using the specific monoclonal antibodies (Unimate, Roche) against the beta-N-terminal fragments. The coefficients of variation ranges from 1.7 to 3.8% within assay (n = 30) and from 3.9 to 4.9% between assay (n = 20). The assay was linear from 2.5 to 14.9%(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric carcinogenesis is a multifactorial, multistep process, in which chronic inflammation plays a major role. AIMS In order to ascertain whether free radical mediated oxidative DNA damage is involved in such a process, concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8OHdG), a mutagenic/carcinogenic adduct, and thiobarbituric acid reactive(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relevance of beta-thromboglobulin (beta tg) measurement in patients with thrombocytosis. We have, therefore, studied the level of plasma and platelet beta tg in 74 patients with high platelet count in addition to the evaluation of platelet aggregation and platelet serotonin (5-HT) content. The determinations of(More)
CA 19-9 serum concentration was determined by a immunoradiometric technique in 130 subjects to evaluate its role in differentiating pancreatic cancer from chronic pancreatitis. Two threshold values were chosen, 17 and 37 U/ml. With the former, sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy were 86.7, 62.3 and 49.0 respectively, with the latter 73.3, 87.0(More)
1. Lipid peroxidation can occur in the presence of a cellular antioxidant-oxidant imbalance, but the role of lipid peroxides in cholestasis is not well understood. 2. This study was undertaken in order to: (i) evaluate the behaviour of a product of lipid peroxidation (thiobarbituric acid-reactive species), and of an important antioxidant tripeptide, reduced(More)
Hypertension is a major side effect of cyclosporin (CsA). While the mechanism(s) responsible are unclear, CsA-induced endothelial dysfunction and CsA-induced hypertension have been attributed to the CsA effect on the endothelial-derived factors controlling vasomotor tone. Endothelial nitric oxide (NO) is crucial in the maintenance of a state of basal(More)
Renal function may be compromised by extrahepatic cholestasis. In this context, the nephrotoxic role of bile salts is well known. Recently, however, it has been claimed that other factors, such as lipid peroxides, are involved. We therefore created bile duct ligation in 40 Sprague-Dawley rats. During the follow-up (from 1 to 28 days), significant variations(More)
Trypsin/creatinine clearance ratio--a recently proposed screening test for pancreatic cancer--was assessed in 45 subjects (17 control subjects, 15 patients with pancreatic cancer, and 13 with chronic pancreatitis). A statistically significant increase of the ratio was detected not only in pancreatic cancer, but also in chronic calcifying pancreatitis. Thus,(More)