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PURPOSE Many studies have evaluated the role of high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI) as a prognostic marker and predictor of the response to chemotherapy in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the results are not conclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic significance of high levels of MSI (MSI-H) in CRC patients in relation to(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is attributable to a deficiency of mismatch repair. Inactivation of DNA mismatch repair underlies the genesis of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer. Germline mutations in three DNA mismatch repair genes, hMSH2, hMLH1, and hMSH6, have been found to segregate in HNPCC and HNPCC-like families. The(More)
Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) are microscopic clusters of altered colonic crypts considered premalignant lesions in the large bowel. Genomic instability at short tandem repeats in the DNA, referred to as microsatellite instability (MSI) is the hallmark of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) caused by mutations in DNA mismatch-repair genes,(More)
Colorectal mucosa is targeted by toxic agents, which can initiate or promote colon cancer. The mechanism of damage might be a focal irritation with loss of normal epithelial cell barrier function. Genetic alterations in tumors may also affect host inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to define the extent of inflammation in colorectal mucosa,(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is frequently associated with constitutional mutations in a class of genes involved in DNA mismatch repair. We identified 32 kindreds, with germline mutations in one of three genes hMSH2, hMLH1 or hMSH6. In this study, we purposed to evaluate how many high-risk individuals in each family underwent genetic(More)
Hereditary NonPolyposis Colorectal Cancer (Lynch syndrome) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by germline mutations in a class of genes deputed to maintain genomic integrity during cell replication, mutations result in a generalized genomic instability, particularly evident at microsatellite loci (Microsatellite Instability, MSI). MSI is present in(More)
We purposed to evaluate the role of Th inducing POZ-Kruppel Factor (ThPOK), a transcriptional regulator of T cell fate, in tumour-induced immune system plasticity in colorectal carcinogenesis. The amounts of CD4+, CD8+ and CD56+ and ThPOK+ cells infiltrate in normal colorectal mucosa (NM), in dysplastic aberrant crypt foci (microadenomas, MA), the earliest(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Although diet and lifestyle are associated with the development of colorectal malignancies, the only clearly identified aetiological factors in colorectal cancer are inheritance (hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and familial polyposis), inflammatory bowel diseases, papillomavirus, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(More)
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