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Tumor multiplicity is a hallmark of hereditary cancers: in the colon-rectum multiple tumors represent 5-10% of all colorectal cancer cases. A portion of these cases belongs to hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), a genetic cancer syndrome due to mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations, phenotypically expressed as microsatellite instability(More)
Dukes' stage is the most powerful indicator of patient outcome for colorectal cancer. Several cancer survival studies have considered other prognostic variables, but results are often conflicting. We sought to assess the independent value of several clinical and morphological variables in defining colorectal cancer specific survival. 397 colorectal cancer(More)
Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis and Muir-Torre syndrome linked to compound biallelic constitutional MYH gene mutations.Peculiar dermatologic manifestations are present in several heritable gastrointestinal disorders. Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a genodermatosis whose peculiar feature is the presence of sebaceous gland tumors associated with(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is frequently associated with constitutional mutations in a class of genes involved in DNA mismatch repair. We identified 32 kindreds, with germline mutations in one of three genes hMSH2, hMLH1 or hMSH6. In this study, we purposed to evaluate how many high-risk individuals in each family underwent genetic(More)
Nonrandom, widespread promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes is a common mechanism of gene inactivation during tumorigenesis. We examined the methylation status of two distinct regions of the MLH1 promoter (proximal and distal to the transcription start site) and the MLH1 gene expression by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry. A total(More)
Although colorectal cancer is a disease of the older population, these tumors are not infrequent before the age of 55. Through the data of a population-based registry, we proposed giving a description of the clinical features of three groups of patients in whom the disease occurred at a relatively early age of onset (group I: < 40 yr; group II: 41-50 yr;(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common inherited disorders predisposing to cancer. The genes responsible for the disease have recently been cloned and characterised; their mutations induce a generalised genomic instability which is particularly evident at microsatellite loci (replication error (RER)+(More)
OBJECTIVE Identification of clinical and molecular characteristics associated with constitutional MLH1 and MSH2 mutations and definition of a stepwise strategy for the selection of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients amenable to MLH1 and MSH2 genetic testing. METHODS 90 unrelated CRC patients were initially selected on the basis of either familial or early(More)
OBJECTIVE Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an interesting model for the study of colorectal tumour. Two genes contribute to the FAP phenotype - APC and MUTYH - but their relative role is still undefined. The objective of this study was to evaluate the contribution of the two genes to the pathogenesis of FAP by means of a series of FAP families. (More)
BACKGROUND The Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is an autosomal-dominant genodermatosis characterized by the presence of sebaceous gland tumors, with or without keratoacanthomas, associated with visceral malignancies. A subset of patients with MTS is considered a variant of the hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma, which is caused by mutations in(More)