Piero Benatti

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PURPOSE Many studies have evaluated the role of high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI) as a prognostic marker and predictor of the response to chemotherapy in colorectal cancer (CRC); however, the results are not conclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic significance of high levels of MSI (MSI-H) in CRC patients in relation to(More)
Dukes' stage is the most powerful indicator of patient outcome for colorectal cancer. Several cancer survival studies have considered other prognostic variables, but results are often conflicting. We sought to assess the independent value of several clinical and morphological variables in defining colorectal cancer specific survival. 397 colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by early-onset intestinal neoplasms, localization of tumors in the proximal colon, and frequent association with cancers at other sites, especially the endometrium, skin, and stomach. The identification of HNPCC is often difficult,(More)
Nonrandom, widespread promoter methylation of tumor suppressor genes is a common mechanism of gene inactivation during tumorigenesis. We examined the methylation status of two distinct regions of the MLH1 promoter (proximal and distal to the transcription start site) and the MLH1 gene expression by methylation-specific PCR and immunohistochemistry. A total(More)
Attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis and Muir-Torre syndrome linked to compound biallelic constitutional MYH gene mutations.Peculiar dermatologic manifestations are present in several heritable gastrointestinal disorders. Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a genodermatosis whose peculiar feature is the presence of sebaceous gland tumors associated with(More)
PURPOSE Genotype-phenotype correlations in familial adenomatous polyposis are only partially understood and, in particular, little is known about the biomolecular characteristics of desmoid tumors, which are one of the most serious and frequent manifestations of familial adenomatous polyposis. In the present study, we describe a family with familial(More)
Previous survival studies suggested a better prognosis of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) patients compared with the sporadic counterpart. In the present study we evaluated the clinical outcome of HNPCC patients with respect to that of patients with colorectal cancer recorded in a population-based cancer registry. We assessed survival of(More)
Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome) is characterized by the early onset of colorectal neoplasms, frequently localized in the right colon, increased occurrence of multiple primaries, vertical transmission and aggregation of tumours in families in accordance to a Mendelian dominant type of inheritance. The syndrome accounts(More)
Mismatch repair genes MSH2 and MLH1 are considered to be the two major genes that are responsible for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Germline heterozygous inactivating mutations of MSH2 and MLH1 have been identified previously in a substantial fraction of individuals who are predisposed genetically to colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and other(More)
Aberrant crypt foci (ACF) have been identified on the colonic mucosal surface of rodents treated with colon carcinogens and of humans after methylene-blue staining and observation under a light microscope. Several lines of evidence strongly suggest that ACF with certain morphological, histological, cell kinetics, and genetic features are precursor lesions(More)