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Peripheral nerves are complex organs that can be found throughout the body reaching almost all tissues and organs to provide motor and/or sensory innervation. A parenchyma (the noble component made by the nerve fibers, i.e., axons and Schwann cells) and a stroma (the scaffold made of various connective elements) can be recognized. Although morphological(More)
Nerve repair is usually accomplished by direct suture when the two stumps can be approximated without tension. In the presence of a nerve defect, the placement of an autologous nerve graft is the current gold standard for nerve restoration. However, over the last 20 years, an increasing number of research articles reported on the use of non-nervous tubes(More)
Size estimation of myelinated nerve fibers in peripheral nerves is a very common task in neuromorphology and different dedicated morpho-quantitative procedures have been devised and used to date. Unfortunately, many reports on experimental nerve studies lack comprehensive information on the procedures that have been designed and applied for myelinated fiber(More)
Quantification of the number of myelinated fibers in peripheral nerves is a common requirement in quantitative morphology. This parameter provides important information on the consequences of various physiological, pathological and experimental conditions on the nerve structure and is one of the main indicators of success of peripheral nerve repair. In this(More)
The morphological features of regeneration in long-distance (3 cm) muscle-vein-combined grafts were experimentally investigated in the rat sciatic nerve by means of light and electron microscopy. In the early phases of regeneration (14 days after surgery), many regenerating nerve fibers were detected along the muscle-vein-combined graft. Six months after(More)
Peripheral nerve lesions with a long segment defect need a grafting conduit to heal. Although autogenous nerve grafting is still considered the best method for bridging nerve defects, several alternative types of conduits (biological and synthetic) have been studied. We have demonstrated in previous experimental research in rats that a graft made using a(More)
This study is a stereological analysis, by the 2-D dissector method, on the long-term regeneration of myelinated nerve fibers of the rat sciatic nerve repaired by muscle-vein-combined graft, a surgical technique that has been shown to be a valid tool for the repair of peripheral nerve defects with substance loss. Quantitative analysis showed that the total(More)
The availability of effective experimental models for investigating nerve regeneration and designing new strategies for promoting this unique repair process is important. The aim of this study was to standardize a rat median nerve crush injury model using a non-serrated clamp exerting a compression force of 17.02 MPa for a duration of 30s. Results showed(More)
INTRODUCTION Perineural scar formation is responsible for pain and loss of function after surgical procedures. Neurolysis and application of anti-adhesion gels are required to restore a gliding surface. We tested a carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and polyethylene oxide (PEO) gel on mouse sciatic nerve to describe its safety and efficacy. METHODS Adult mice(More)
BACKGROUND Perineural fibrotic adhesions are among the major complications of peripheral nerve surgery. While different experimental models have been used for the pre-clinical testing of anti-adherential strategies, the methods used so far to induce scar tissue appear to be poorly standardized and reproducible. NEW METHOD Thirty adult mice were used. Two(More)