Pierluigi Tocco

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BACKGROUND The speed-accuracy trade-off (SAT) refers to the balancing of speed versus accuracy during decision-making. SAT is very commonly investigated with perceptual decision-making tasks such as the moving dots task (MDT). The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) are two brain regions considered to be(More)
To investigate the reliability of a new in-house automatic algorithm for calculating the Magnetic Resonance Parkinsonism Index (MRPI), in a large multicentre study population of patients affected by progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) or Parkinson’s disease (PD), and healthy controls (HC), and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the automatic and manual(More)
UNLABELLED Somatosensory temporal discrimination threshold (STDT) is defined as the shortest time interval necessary for a pair of tactile stimuli to be perceived as separate. Although STDT is altered in several neurological disorders, its neural bases are not entirely clear. We used continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) to condition the excitability of(More)
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a clinical syndrome of new weakness, fatigue and musculoskeletal pain occurring in a variable proportion of polio survivors decades after acute disease. To date, several risk factors for PPS development have been reported, although the etiology of this disorder remains elusive. Using a case–control design, we aimed to assess(More)
A 33-year-old woman with a long history of typical migraine without aura developed a pupillary-involving right third nerve palsy, after a typical migraine attack. The right pupil was 5 mm and showed delayed direct and consensual photomotor responses; the left pupil was 3 mm and reactive. Pupillary reaction to convergence was slow on the right eye. Ptosis,(More)
Cardinal motor features of Parkinson's disease (PD) include bradykinesia, rest tremor, and rigidity, which appear in the early stages of the disease and largely depend on dopaminergic nigrostriatal denervation. Intermediate and advanced PD stages are characterized by motor fluctuations and dyskinesia, which depend on complex mechanisms secondary to severe(More)
BACKGROUND Depression and pain may sometimes be related conditions. Occasionally, depression may be associated with physical symptoms, such as back pain and headache. Moreover, depression may impair the subjective response to pain and is likely to influence the pain feeling. Conversely, chronic pain may represent an emotional condition as well as physical(More)
To evaluate whether botulinum toxin type A at standard doses spreads to antagonist leg muscles in dynamic equinus foot, we studied 18 ambulatory children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. The gastrocnemius muscle on the affected side was injected with botulinum toxin type A (Dysport) (mean ± standard deviation, 14.3 ± 0.9 U/kg). Compound muscle action(More)
Unsteadiness, dizziness and vertigo occur more frequently in hypertensive subjects, compared to the normal ones. This study evaluated the influence of hypertension on balance tests, performed on posturographic platform. The study pool consisted of 112 persons aged 65 and older (65 hypertensives), their mean age was 72.9+/-0.5, scored on the Mini Mental(More)