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AIM To provide a description of patients receiving alcohol treatment in eight different European countries, including the level of comorbidities and functional limitations. METHODS Drinking behaviours, DSM-IV alcohol use disorder (AUD), mental and somatic comorbidities, disability and health services utilization of 1767 patients from various specialized(More)
PURPOSE Although alcohol dependence causes marked mortality and disease burden in Europe, the treatment rate is low. Primary care could play a key role in reducing alcohol-attributable harm by screening, brief interventions, and initiating or referral to treatment. This study investigates identification of alcohol dependence in European primary care(More)
BACKGROUND Few data are available on the management of asthma in the general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of asthma control in Italian patients, a decade after the publication of the international guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS Within the framework of a multicentre, population-based study on people aged 20-44 years, 18(More)
AIMS To analyze the current paradigm and clinical practice for dealing with alcohol use disorders (AUD) in primary health care. METHODS Analyses of guidelines and recommendations, reviews and meta-analyses. RESULTS Many recommendations or guidelines for interventions for people with alcohol use problems in primary health care, from hazardous drinking to(More)
AIMS To document the attitudes of general practitioners (GPs) from eight European countries to alcohol and alcohol problems and how these attitudes are associated with self-reported activity in managing patients with alcohol and alcohol problems. METHODS A total of 2345 GPs were surveyed. The questionnaire included questions on the GP's demographics,(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol dependence (AD) in Europe is prevalent and causes considerable health burden. Recognition by general practitioners (GPs) and provision of or referral to treatment may contribute to reduce this burden. This paper studied AD prevalence in varying European primary care settings and examined who received treatment. METHODS In a(More)
BACKGROUND In most developed countries the prevalence of smoking habits is decreasing in men, while in women the prevalence seems to decline in Northern Europe but to increase in the Mediterranean area. The present research aims at assessing time trends in smoking habits in Italy. METHODS In the frame of the Italian Study on Asthma in Young Adults (ISAYA)(More)
BACKGROUND Environmental factors are likely to be involved in explaining the wide geographical variation in asthma and atopic diseases that has been documented in many recent epidemiological studies. AIM To evaluate to what extent climate and outdoor NO2 pollution can explain the geographical variation in the prevalence of asthma and allergic rhinitis,(More)
INTRODUCTION There is a strong body of evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of brief interventions by primary care professionals for risky drinkers. However, implementation levels remain low because of time constraints and other factors. Facilitated access to an alcohol reduction website offers primary care professionals a time-saving alternative to(More)
165 patients (106 males, 59 females) entered an open group comparative study of a 12-week test treatment on bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) determined by methacholine challenge. Patients were randomly allocated to receive nedocromil sodium (4 mg q.i.d.), sodium cromoglycate (10 micrograms q.i.d.) and beclomethasone dipropionate (500 micrograms t.i.d.).(More)