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Polymorphonuclear leukocytes obtained from sterile peritoneal exudates in rabbits contain two phospholipid-splitting activities (phosphatidylacylhydrolases EC, one most active at pH 5.5 and the other between pH 7.2 and 9.0. Hydrolysis of phospholipid was demonstrated using Escherichia coli labeled during growth with [1-(14)C]oleate and then(More)
Forty-five subjects with a complete deficiency of myeloperoxidase were identified in an area of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia in north-eastern Italy using the Hemalog D system as the screening technique. Histochemical and biochemical tests performed on the leucocytes of some of these subjects confirmed the defects shown by the Hemalog D system. The(More)
Microbicidal activity of neutrophils is usually measured by colony-counting techniques after cell lysis in distilled water. While studying the effect of the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the staphylocidal activity of neutrophils, we obtained inconsistent results: various degrees of(More)
We have examined the mechanisms involved in the adherence of normal peripheral blood eosinophils to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HEC) under three conditions: (a) adherence in the absence of treatment of HEC or eosinophils with activating agents (basal adherence); (b) adherence induced by stimulation of eosinophils with phorbol ester(More)
Generation and release into the culture medium of a cytolytic toxin by Gardnerella vaginalis has been demonstrated. Addition of starch and of the nonionic detergent Tween 80 to the culture medium was essential to recover cytolytic activity. A protein with an apparent molecular mass of 61 to 63 kDa was purified from the culture supernatants showing lytic(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing ingested particles from those attached to the cell surface is an essential requirement when performing quantitative studies of phagocytosis. In the present report, we describe a simple, sensitive and reliable flow cytofluorometric method that achieves this goal in a Candida albicans-human neutrophils (PMN) system. METHODS The(More)
Quantitation of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity by guaiacol peroxidation (GP) assay is profoundly affected by the peroxidase present in eosinophils (EPO) that contaminate the granulocyte suspensions. Inclusion of 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (AMT) in the GP assay permits quantitation of MPO activity in mixed neutrophil-eosinophil suspension because of the(More)
A tropical jellyfish, Rhopilema nomadica (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomeae) has recently invaded the eastern Mediterranean. Its painful stings have been the bane of bathers and fishermen from Egypt to Turkey. This paper reports on the presence of haemolytic activity and alpha-chymotrypsin-like serine protease activity in the venom of the R. nomadica nematocysts. In(More)
A haemolytic toxin was purified by ion-exchange chromatography and FPLC gel filtration from the nematocysts of the jellyfish Carybdea marsupialis. Sheep red cells, but not human or rabbit red cells, were susceptible to lysis by the toxin. The toxin is a protein with an apparent molecular mass of about 102-107 kDa, is heat labile, highly unstable in polar(More)