Pierluigi Patriarca

Learn More
We have examined the mechanisms involved in the adherence of normal peripheral blood eosinophils to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HEC) under three conditions: (a) adherence in the absence of treatment of HEC or eosinophils with activating agents (basal adherence); (b) adherence induced by stimulation of eosinophils with phorbol ester(More)
A tropical jellyfish, Rhopilema nomadica (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomeae) has recently invaded the eastern Mediterranean. Its painful stings have been the bane of bathers and fishermen from Egypt to Turkey. This paper reports on the presence of haemolytic activity and alpha-chymotrypsin-like serine protease activity in the venom of the R. nomadica nematocysts. In(More)
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes obtained from sterile peritoneal exudates in rabbits contain two phospholipid-splitting activities (phosphatidylacylhydrolases EC 3.1.1.4), one most active at pH 5.5 and the other between pH 7.2 and 9.0. Hydrolysis of phospholipid was demonstrated using Escherichia coli labeled during growth with [1-(14)C]oleate and then(More)
Forty-five subjects with a complete deficiency of myeloperoxidase were identified in an area of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia in north-eastern Italy using the Hemalog D system as the screening technique. Histochemical and biochemical tests performed on the leucocytes of some of these subjects confirmed the defects shown by the Hemalog D system. The(More)
Generation and release into the culture medium of a cytolytic toxin by Gardnerella vaginalis has been demonstrated. Addition of starch and of the nonionic detergent Tween 80 to the culture medium was essential to recover cytolytic activity. A protein with an apparent molecular mass of 61 to 63 kDa was purified from the culture supernatants showing lytic(More)
A benefit-cost analysis of the Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative was undertaken to facilitate national and international decision-making with regard to financial support. The base case examined the net costs and benefits during the period 1986-2040; the model assumed differential costs for oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and vaccine delivery in(More)
A down-modulation of both the 55-kDa (TNF-R55) and the 75-kDa (TNF-R75) TNF receptors is observed in neutrophils exposed to a variety of stimuli. Proteolytic cleavage of the extracellular region of both receptors (shedding) and, with TNF, internalization of TNF-R55 and shedding of TNF-R75 are the proposed mechanisms. We have characterized the TNF-induced(More)
We have recently shown that human neutrophils bind and internalize human eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) but not myeloperoxidase (MPO). In the present work, we studied the interactions of human EPO and MPO with other cells that may be involved in the inflammatory process, i.e., lymphocytes, monocytes, platelets, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. The results(More)
The degranulation of neutrophils and eosinophils is frequently monitored by assaying myeloperoxidase (MPO) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) activity in the cell-free supernatant of degranulating cells, after removal of the cells by centrifugation. This procedure leads to underestimation of the extent of degranulation, since both peroxidases tend to stick to(More)