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A tropical jellyfish, Rhopilema nomadica (Scyphozoa, Rhizostomeae) has recently invaded the eastern Mediterranean. Its painful stings have been the bane of bathers and fishermen from Egypt to Turkey. This paper reports on the presence of haemolytic activity and alpha-chymotrypsin-like serine protease activity in the venom of the R. nomadica nematocysts. In(More)
Microbicidal activity of neutrophils is usually measured by colony-counting techniques after cell lysis in distilled water. While studying the effect of the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the staphylocidal activity of neutrophils, we obtained inconsistent results: various degrees of(More)
A haemolytic toxin was purified by ion-exchange chromatography and FPLC gel filtration from the nematocysts of the jellyfish Carybdea marsupialis. Sheep red cells, but not human or rabbit red cells, were susceptible to lysis by the toxin. The toxin is a protein with an apparent molecular mass of about 102-107 kDa, is heat labile, highly unstable in polar(More)
A benefit-cost analysis of the Poliomyelitis Eradication Initiative was undertaken to facilitate national and international decision-making with regard to financial support. The base case examined the net costs and benefits during the period 1986-2040; the model assumed differential costs for oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and vaccine delivery in(More)
The exclusive role of the 55-kDa TNF receptor (TNF-R55) as the signaling receptor in TNF-induced activation of respiratory burst by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes residing on biologic surfaces has been inferred from results obtained with receptor-specific monoclonal and polyclonal Abs. In this work, we confirm this assumption by a more direct approach,(More)
Inhibition of growth or eradication of experimentally induced tumors has been shown to be accompanied by infiltration of eosinophils and macrophages into the tumor mass. Since macrophages are important mediators of host antitumor activity, the possibility arises that a collaboration may exist between these two cell types in the control of tumor growth. In(More)
BACKGROUND Distinguishing ingested particles from those attached to the cell surface is an essential requirement when performing quantitative studies of phagocytosis. In the present report, we describe a simple, sensitive and reliable flow cytofluorometric method that achieves this goal in a Candida albicans-human neutrophils (PMN) system. METHODS The(More)
1. The oxidation of NADPH2 by leucocyte granules, as measured at acid pH in the presence of Mn-2+, was found to be inhibited by superoxide dismutase. 2. Omission of Mn-2+ markedly lowered the oxidase activity at acid pH, which was still inhibited by superoxide dismutase. 3. At alkaline pH the oxidase activity was lower than at acid pH. 4. During oxidation(More)