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Microbicidal activity of neutrophils is usually measured by colony-counting techniques after cell lysis in distilled water. While studying the effect of the reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase inhibitor diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) on the staphylocidal activity of neutrophils, we obtained inconsistent results: various degrees of(More)
Chloride ion efflux is an early event occurring after exposure of neutrophilic polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in suspension to several agonists, including cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (Shimizu, Y., R.H. Daniels, M.A. Elmore, M.J. Finnen, M.E. Hill, and J.M. Lackie. 1993.(More)
The degranulation of neutrophils and eosinophils is frequently monitored by assaying myeloperoxidase (MPO) and eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) activity in the cell-free supernatant of degranulating cells, after removal of the cells by centrifugation. This procedure leads to underestimation of the extent of degranulation, since both peroxidases tend to stick to(More)
Family studies on myeloperoxidase (MPO) deficiency have been carried out by quantitating the peroxidase activity of granulocyte preparations with three methods, namely guaiacol peroxidation, alanine decarboxylation, and spectroscopic analysis. The guaiacol assay failed to show a definite pattern of inheritance in two families with MPO-deficient subjects.(More)
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