Pierluigi Orlandi

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Cholera toxin (CT) consists of a pentameric B subunit which binds to ganglioside GM1 on the cell surface and an A subunit which activates adenylylcyclase. The latter process involves the reduction of A to the A1 peptide which ADP-ribosylates the stimulatory G protein, Gs of adenylylcyclase. There is a distinct lag phase between toxin binding and activation(More)
A key step in the action of cholera toxin (CT) is the reduction of its A subunit to the A1 peptide. The latter is an ADP-ribosyltransferase, which activates the alpha-subunit of the stimulatory G protein of adenylyl cyclase. In this study, the enzymatic reduction of membrane-bound CT in CaCo-2 human intestinal epithelial cells was characterized. Whereas(More)
The lipid moiety of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani had been isolated and characterized as a novel lyso-alkylphosphatidylinositol. Treatment of lipophosphoglycan with either 10% NH4OH or a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C from Staphylococcus aureus liberated a monoalkylglycerol substituent. Structural characterization of the(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) consists of a pentameric B subunit that binds to specific cell surface receptors identified as ganglioside GM1 and an A subunit that activates adenylylcyclase. The A subunit consists of A1 and A2 peptides linked by a disulfide bond; A2 acts to connect A to B, whereas A1 is an ADP-ribosyltransferase that modifies the alpha subunit of the(More)
Two cases of airway obstruction as a result of oedema of laryngeal structures which arose during protracted arthroscopic shoulder surgery, in which single-shot interscalene blocks had been performed, are reported. In these 2 cases, the complexity of the pathologies and the fact that the surgeons were at the beginning of their surgical experience are the(More)
The E. coli type I heat-labile enterotoxin (LT-I) shares considerable functional, structural, and immunological homology with cholera toxin (CT). Although the ganglioside GM1 is the sole receptor for CT, LT-I also appears to utilize additional, unique receptors on intestinal cells not recognized by CT. We characterized this second class of LT-I receptors(More)
The phosphosaccharide-inositol core of the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani was generated by treatment of the glycoconjugate with mild acid and digestion with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. The core was purified and examined by one- and two-dimensional 1H-1H NMR and by methylation analysis. From the results, the carbohydrate core was(More)
Oncologic diseases frequently need a central venous catheterization to improve pharmacological administration safety and patient's comfort. We report a case of a woman affected by acute myelocytic leukemia with a bilateral stenosis of the innominate veins, likely of thrombotic nature, diagnosed during central venous catheterization. These events, as that(More)
The major carbohydrate fragment from the lipophosphoglycan of Leishmania donovani was generated by mild acid hydrolysis (0.02 N HCl, 5 min, 100 degrees C) and purified by chromatography on DE-52 cellulose and thin layer. By a combination of analyses including gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and 1H NMR, the structure of the fragment was(More)