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MT-7 (1 - 30 nM), a peptide toxin isolated from the venom of the green mamba Dendroaspis angusticeps and previously found to bind selectively to the muscarinic M(1) receptor, inhibited the acetylcholine (ACh)-stimulated [(35)S]-guanosine-5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate ([(35)S]-GTPgammaS) binding to membranes of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably expressing(More)
There are five subtypes of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (M(1) to M(5)) which control a large number of physiological processes, such as the function of heart and smooth muscles, glandular secretion, release of neurotransmitters, gene expression and cognitive functions as learning and memory. A selective ligand is very useful for studying the function(More)
In the presence of SCH 23390, a potent blocker of D1 dopamine receptors, dopamine inhibits adenylate cyclase activity of synaptic plasma membranes isolated from rat striatum. Maximal inhibition corresponds to a 20-25% decrease of basal enzyme activity and is reached with 100 microM dopamine. The apparent IC50 of dopamine is 2.5 microM. The inhibitory effect(More)
We recently reported that clozapine behaves as a partial agonist at the cloned human m4 muscarinic receptor subtype. In the present study, we investigated whether the drug could elicit similar effects at the cloned human m1, m2, and m3 muscarinic receptor subtypes expressed in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Clozapine elicited a(More)
Acetylcholine inhibits, by 30-40%, the basal adenylate cyclase activity of purified synaptic plasma membranes prepared from rat striatum (EC50 = 3 microM). Cholinergic receptor agonists inhibit this cyclase activity with the following rank order of potency: oxtremorine greater than acetylcholine greater than arecoline greater than methacholine greater than(More)
Several studies have indicated the occurrence of an antagonistic interaction between muscarinic and dopamine D1-like receptors in the ventral striatum, but the subtype(s) of muscarinic receptor involved has not been characterized. We show that in membranes of rat nucleus accumbens, carbachol inhibited the stimulation of adenylyl cyclase activity by dopamine(More)
The activation of adenylate cyclase [ATP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC 4.6.1.1] by vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was used as a model to investigate the molecular mechanisms triggered by the occupancy of dopamine recognition sites in rat anterior pituitary. Dopamine failed to change the basal enzyme activity, but it inhibited the stimulation of(More)
We reported previously that in homogenates of rat olfactory bulb muscarinic and opioid receptor agonists stimulate adenylyl cyclase activity. In the present study we show that carbachol (CCh) and Leu-Enkephalin act synergistically with vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), but not with l-isoproterenol, in increasing(More)
In membranes of olfactory tubercle and striatum, the selective muscarinic M4 receptor antagonist muscarinic toxin 3 completely antagonized the acetylcholine-induced inhibition of forskolin- and dopamine D1 receptor-stimulated cyclic AMP formation with Ki values of 7 and 4 nM, respectively. In olfactory bulb, where acetylcholine stimulated basal adenylyl(More)