Pierluca Lombardi

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BACKGROUND In dynamic cardiomyoplasty electro-stimulation achieves full transformation of the latissimus dorsi (LD); therefore, its slowness limits the systolic support. Daily activity-rest could maintain partial transformation of the LD. METHODS Sheep LD were burst-stimulated either 10 or 24 hours/day. Before and 2, 4, 6, and 12 months after stimulation,(More)
Despite improving surgical techniques, treatment of heart valve disease in children remains controversial. Growth of the child and adequate anticoagulation level are the main concerns when valve replacement is performed in the pediatric age. We reviewed the case histories of 29 children who underwent valve replacement with mechanical prosthesis from 1979 to(More)
Cyclical etidronate has been shown to be effective in the treatment of established postmenopausal osteoporosis but less is known about its effects on early menopausal bone loss. The aim of the study was to establish the effects of cyclic etidronate therapy on spinal and proximal femoral bone mineral loss in early postmenopausal women. One hundred and seven(More)
OBJECTIVES Near-infrared spectroscopy monitors cerebral oxygen saturation. This parameter parallels jugular venous oxygen saturation and reflects the balance between cerebral oxygen supply and demand. Experience with near-infrared spectroscopy in univentricular physiology is limited. This study explores the relationship between cerebral oxygen saturation,(More)
A 23-year-old woman with a history of previous bileaflet mechanical aortic valve replacement presented in acute heart failure at 27 weeks of gestation. Transthoracic echocardiography (TEE) demonstrated minimal leaflet excursion consistent with valve thrombosis. The patient underwent emergent surgery with normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), and(More)
BACKGROUND Left main coronary artery disease (LMCD) is considered a relative contraindication to off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting. This study evaluates the safety and feasibility of OPCAB in these patients compared to an on-pump group (cardiopulmonary bypass, CPB) with LMCD. METHODS Between January 2000 and July 2002, 95 patients with left(More)
The history of direct myocardial revascularization without cardiopulmonary bypass dates to 1961 in the dawn of coronary artery surgery. With the introduction and development of techniques of extracorporeal circulation around the same time, beating heart surgery was largely abandoned. Over the subsequent decades, cardiopulmonary bypass and electromechanical(More)
BACKGROUND We report our early experience with the Symmetry Aortic Connector (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN) used for sutureless proximal aortosaphenous vein graft anastomoses without any cross clamp during coronary bypass procedures. METHODS Between November 2001 and August 2002, 206 saphenous vein to aorta proximal anastomoses were created in 132(More)