Pierfrancesco Zilio

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Neuronal signaling in brain circuits occurs at multiple scales ranging from molecules and cells to large neuronal assemblies. However, current sensing neurotechnologies are not designed for parallel access of signals at multiple scales. With the aim of combining nanoscale molecular sensing with electrical neural activity recordings within large neuronal(More)
A series of photonic crystal structures are optimized for a photon enhanced thermionic emitter. With realistic parameter values to describe a p-type GaAs device we find an efficiency above 10%. The light-trapping structures increases the performance by 2% over an optimal bilayer anti-reflective coating. We find a device efficiency very close to the case of(More)
The chemical environment of cells is an extremely complex and multifaceted system that includes many types of proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and various other components. With the final aim of studying these components in detail, we have developed multiband plasmonic antennas, which are suitable for highly sensitive surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy(More)
Nanostructured plasmonic sensors are fabricated as sinusoidal surface plasmon metallic gratings (SPGs) embedded in a functional and porous hybrid sol-gel material, phenyl-bridged polysilsesquioxane (ph-PSQ). The metal layer is in contact with the environment through the sol-gel film, which works as sensitive element, changing its dielectric properties upon(More)
We performed three-dimensional finite elements simulations of the optical response of holey plasmonic vortex lenses, i.e., spiral grooves milled on a thin gold film with a hole at the center. We focus in particular on the properties of the wave transmitted in the underlying half-space, which is shown to be a relevant part of the transmitted field. We find(More)
The exploitation of surface plasmon polaritons has been mostly limited to the visible and near infrared range, due to the low frequency limit for coherent plasmon excitation and the reduction of confinement on the metal surface for lower energies. In this work we show that 3D--out of plane--nanostructures can considerably increase the intrinsic quality of(More)
We report the design of a holey plasmonic vortex lens (PVL) structure able to couple circularly polarized impinging light to a plasmonic vortex in the form of the fundamental TM mode of a metal-insulator-metal plasmonic waveguide. The field transmitted through the hole milled at the center of the second metal layer of the structure is characterized by a(More)
Optical beams carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) can find tremendous applications in several fields. In order to apply these particular beams in photonic integrated devices innovative optical elements have been proposed. Here we are interested in the generation of OAM-carrying beams at the nanoscale level. We design and experimentally demonstrate a(More)
We fabricated and investigated a new configuration of 3D coaxial metallic antennas working in the infrared which combines the strong lateral light scattering of vertical plasmonic structures with the selective spectral transmission of 2D arrays of coaxial apertures. The coaxial structures are fabricated with a top-down method based on a template of hollow(More)
We discuss how the topological charge of an OAM-carrying plasmon (Plasmonic Vortex) can be probed by monitoring the near-field response of plasmonic nanostructures suitably arranged inside a Plasmonic Vortex Lens. The turning "on" or "off" of four gold nanorods, detected by a Scanning Near field Optical Microscope (SNOM), acts as a fingerprint of the OAM(More)