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For the first time, by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), polypropylene (PP) excised meshes (ethylene oxide sterilized) for abdominal wall hernia repair have been shown to be greatly damaged physically, independently of the implantation time, while the polyethylene terephthalate (PET), or Dacron, ones (gamma radiation sterilized), did not undergo(More)
Wear debris related osteolysis is recognised as being the main cause of failure in joint replacements based on UHMWPE inserts. However, many solutions and "new" polyethylenes have been suggested in order to address this issue. This review discusses "historical" issues associated with UHMWPE, such as oxidation, sterilization method and storage, as well as(More)
Insertion of polymeric biliary endoprostheses is widely used as a method of palliation of malignant strictures of the biliary tree. Despite the success of this technique, clogging of the stent in a few months is still an existing problem. The aim of the present study has been to investigate the causes of the obstruction, considering both the stent material(More)
BACKGROUND Osteolysis due to wear of UHMWPE limits the longevity of joint arthroplasty. Oxidative degradation of UHMWPE gamma-sterilized in air increases its wear while decreasing mechanical strength. Vitamin E stabilization of UHMWPE was proposed to improve oxidation resistance while maintaining wear resistance and fatigue strength. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
Retrieved EtO sterilised acetabular cups usually show much less degradation than gamma-ray sterilised cups. Some of our retrieved EtO sterilised cups did, however, reveal unexpected bulk oxidation. It was observed that this oxidation was always accompanied by whitening of the material. This whitening was found to be due to a break-up of the compression(More)
Crosslinked vitamin-E-stabilized polyethylene acetabular cups were compared with both commercially available conventional and custom-crosslinked polyethylene acetabular cups in terms of wear behavior, in a hip joint simulator for five millions cycles, using bovine calf serum as lubricant. We correlated the wear experiments results with the chemical(More)
To understand the inflammatory potential of oxidised ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (ox-UHMWPE) compared with the virgin one (UHMWPE), we analysed in vitro the predisposition of their interaction with plasma proteins and cells involved in the inflammatory response. The adsorption on the surface of the two materials of adhesion proteins(More)
Fourteen explanted Dynesys® spinal devices were analyzed for biostability and compared with a reference, never implanted, control. Both poly(carbonate-urethane) (PCU) spacers and polyethylene-terephthalate (PET) cords were analyzed. The effect of implantation was evaluated through the observation of physical alterations of the device surfaces, evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidised UHMWPE due to gamma irradiation in air has a greater susceptibility to wear than non-oxidised UHMWPE (ethylene oxide, EtO). AIM To evaluate, the biological reaction of loose implants with oxidised and non-oxidised PE components. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten loose PE cups sterilised by EtO (group 1) and 13 sterilised by gamma irradiation(More)
Biomaterial-associated infection (BAI), a clinical problem resulting in septic failure of joint replacement implants, is initiated by bacterial adhesion, often by Staphylococcus epidermidis. Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a material of choice for joint replacement; reducing the adhesion of S. epidermidis to the polymer could be a means(More)