Pier Paolo Giovannini

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The 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of C-glycosyl nitrile oxides and acetylenes to an alkyne and an azide, respectively, bearing a masked glycinyl moiety furnished disubstituted isoxazoles and triazoles. Unveiling the glycinyl group in these cycloadducts afforded C-glycosyl alpha-amino acids in which the two bioactive entities were tethered through rigid(More)
The paper reports the partial purification and characterization of the 7beta- and 7alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDH) and cholylglycine hydrolase (CGH), isolated from Xanthomonas maltophilia CBS 897.97. The activity of 7beta-HSDH and 7alpha-HSDH in the reduction of the 7-keto bile acids is determined. The affinity of 7beta-HSDH for bile acids is(More)
The cells of Bacillus stearothermophilus contain an NADH-dependent diacetyl (acetoin) reductase. The enzyme was easily purified to homogeneity, partially characterised, and found to be composed of two subunits with the same molecular weight. In the presence of NADH, it catalyses the stereospecific reduction of diacetyl first to (3S)-acetoin and then to(More)
Fungi from Amazonian forest soil (Ecuador) and an Italian factory were screened for Baeyer–Villiger (BV) oxidation of bicyclo [3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one to 2-oxabicyclo[3.3.0]oct-6-en-3-one (Corey’s lactone). Isolates of Fusarium sp. and F. solani produced the (+)-(1R,5S)-lactone while isolates of Aspergillus terricola and A. amazonicus afforded the(More)
The mechanism of action of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase with the alternative substrate 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate was investigated using enzymes from sheep liver, human erythrocytes and Trypanosoma brucei. The three enzymes oxidize 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate, but only the sheep liver enzyme releases the intermediate 2-deoxy,3-keto 6-phosphogluconate.(More)
The anion proton affinity of the most important human bile acids and those of the corresponding keto bile acids have been examined in order to establish a true (intrinsic) relative acidity scale. The measurements have been carried out in the gas-phase using the Cooks' kinetic method. The remarkably high acidity of cholic acid with respect to the other bile(More)
The heterogeneous proline-catalyzed aldol reaction was investigated under continuous-flow conditions by means of a packed-bed microreactor. Reaction-progress kinetic analysis (RPKA) was used in combination with nonlinear chromatography for the interpretation, under synthetically relevant conditions, of important mechanistic aspects of the heterogeneous(More)
Dimsyl anion promoted the polarity reversal of benzils in a Stetter-like reaction with chalcones to give 2-benzoyl-1,4-diones (double aroylation products), which, in turn, were converted into the corresponding tetrasubstituted olefins via aerobic oxidative dehydrogenation catalyzed by Cu(OAc)2.
The condensation of aromatic α-diketones (benzils) with aromatic aldehydes (benzoin-type reaction) and chalcones (Stetter-type reaction) in DMF in the presence of catalytic (25 mol%) KOtBu is reported. Both types of umpolung processes proceed with good efficiency and complete chemoselectivity. On the basis of spectroscopic evidence (MS analysis) of(More)
o-phthalaldehyde inactivates homodimeric, NADP+ dependent, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from sheep liver, upon formation of a single isoindole derivative per enzyme subunit. This indicates that the thiol group of a cysteine residue or the epsilon-amino group of a lysine residue located within 3 A and crosslinked by the reagent is essential for(More)