Pier Paolo Giovannini

Learn More
The mechanism of action of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase with the alternative substrate 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate was investigated using enzymes from sheep liver, human erythrocytes and Trypanosoma brucei. The three enzymes oxidize 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate, but only the sheep liver enzyme releases the intermediate 2-deoxy,3-keto 6-phosphogluconate.(More)
The cells of Bacillus stearothermophilus contain an NADH-dependent diacetyl (acetoin) reductase. The enzyme was easily purified to homogeneity, partially characterised, and found to be composed of two subunits with the same molecular weight. In the presence of NADH, it catalyses the stereospecific reduction of diacetyl first to (3S)-acetoin and then to(More)
The 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of C-glycosyl nitrile oxides and acetylenes to an alkyne and an azide, respectively, bearing a masked glycinyl moiety furnished disubstituted isoxazoles and triazoles. Unveiling the glycinyl group in these cycloadducts afforded C-glycosyl alpha-amino acids in which the two bioactive entities were tethered through rigid(More)
The paper reports the partial purification and characterization of the 7beta- and 7alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSDH) and cholylglycine hydrolase (CGH), isolated from Xanthomonas maltophilia CBS 897.97. The activity of 7beta-HSDH and 7alpha-HSDH in the reduction of the 7-keto bile acids is determined. The affinity of 7beta-HSDH for bile acids is(More)
Fungi from Amazonian forest soil (Ecuador) and an Italian factory were screened for Baeyer–Villiger (BV) oxidation of bicyclo [3.2.0]hept-2-en-6-one to 2-oxabicyclo[3.3.0]oct-6-en-3-one (Corey’s lactone). Isolates of Fusarium sp. and F. solani produced the (+)-(1R,5S)-lactone while isolates of Aspergillus terricola and A. amazonicus afforded the(More)
The fermentation of different sugars by Bacillus stearothermophilus ATCC 2027 to obtain 2,3-butanediol is described. Fermentation tests in shake flasks show the complete conversion of sucrose to butanediol (91% yield) and acetoin (3-hydroxy-2-butanone) using a starting sugar concentration of 30 g/L. A similar result is obtained with sugar cane molasses,(More)
The anion proton affinity of the most important human bile acids and those of the corresponding keto bile acids have been examined in order to establish a true (intrinsic) relative acidity scale. The measurements have been carried out in the gas-phase using the Cooks' kinetic method. The remarkably high acidity of cholic acid with respect to the other bile(More)
The biotransformations of (RS)-linalool (1), (S)-citronellal (2), and sabinene (3) with fungi isolated from the epicarp of fruits of Citrus genus of the Amazonian forest (i.e., C. limon, C. aurantifolia, C. aurantium, and C. paradisiaca) are reported. The more active strains have been characterized, and they belong to the genus Penicillium and Fusarium.(More)
Teucrium chamaedrys, one of the most common and investigated species of the genus Teucrium, has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for many purposes. Its phytochemical components comprise, among others, phenylethanoid glycosides (PGs) and neo-clerodane diterpenoids. Several reports have demonstrated a wide range of beneficial biological and(More)
Diaryl α-diketones do not undergo polarity reversal in the presence of (benzo)thiazolium carbenes but are engaged in a novel multicomponent reaction with water to efficiently give medicinally relevant 1,4-thiazin-3-one heterocycles. Three different sets of conditions have been optimized to furnish the title compounds in fair to excellent yields depending on(More)