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The roles of metabolic heat production, arterial blood flow and temperature in the genesis of the brain temperature increase related to REM sleep occurrence in several mammalian species are discussed on the basis of available experimental evidence. The experimental data show that only changes in arterial blood flow and temperature consistently underlie the(More)
This study was carried out in order to further test the hypothesis that the occurrence of REM sleep in the rat in the form of episodes separated by long intervals (single REM sleep episodes) and by short intervals (sequential REM sleep episodes) is differently influenced by changes in both sleep and ambient related processes. Rats were studied during the(More)
The behavioral state-dependent changes in the hypothalamic temperature of homeotherms reflect extracerebral adjustments in circulatory variables to influence the temperature and flow of the arterial blood cooling the brain. There are different mechanisms for brain cooling, i.e. systemic and selective brain cooling, which are affected by the changes in body(More)
Both circulation and breathing show basic differences in regulation between synchronized sleep and desynchronized sleep. Closed-loop operations of automatic control mechanisms during synchronized sleep ensure an efficient and steady regulation of such functions as in wakefulness, although at a lower level of energy expenditure. In contrast, a change in the(More)
Studies on the interaction between sleep and thermoregulation are reviewed with regard to the processes underlying the ultradian evolution of behavioral states. The experimental evidence shows that thermoregulatory mechanisms influence the waking-sleeping cycle in both the absence or the presence of a thermal load. Such a control appears to be a functional(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Exposure to low ambient temperature (Ta) depresses REM sleep (REMS) occurrence. In this study, both short and long-term homeostatic aspects of REMS regulation were analyzed during cold exposure and during subsequent recovery at Ta 24 degrees C. DESIGN EEG activity, hypothalamic temperature, and motor activity were studied during a 24-h(More)
This review describes the systemic physiological phenomena characterizing the interaction between thermoregulatory and sleep processes in the adult mammal. Homeostatic thermoregulation is preserved across the behavioral states of quiet wakefulness and non-rapid eye movement sleep notwithstanding state-dependent differences in threshold and gain of effector(More)