Pier Lucio Anelli

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The mechanisms were investigated for the hepatic transport of 4 different gadolinium complexes used as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In basolateral rat hepatocyte plasma membrane vesicles, Gd-DTPA uptake was indistinguishable from non-specific binding to vesicles; Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA entered plasma membrane vesicles following a(More)
The mechanism of excretion into bile of hepatospecific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast media employed labeled Gd-reagents EOB.DTPA, BOPTA, B 20790 (iopanoate-linked), and B 21690 (glycocholate-linked) for measurement in rat liver canalicular plasma membrane vesicles and yeast vacuoles. The presence of ATP gave threefold greater transport of B(More)
Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) is a valuable technique for the diagnosis of liver diseases. As gadocoletic acid trisodium salt (B22956/1), a new contrast agent showing high biliary excretion, may be potentially advantageous in hepatobiliary imaging, the aim of the study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of hepatic transport(More)
Ytterbium and lutetium are well suited for optimized anomalous diffraction experiments using synchrotron radiation. Therefore, two lanthanide complexes Yb-HPDO3A and Lu-HPDO3A have been produced that are similar to the Gd-HPDO3A complex already known to give good derivative crystals. Derivative crystals of hen egg-white lysozyme were obtained by(More)
Seven gadolinium complexes are shown to be excellent compounds for the preparation of heavy-atom derivatives for macromolecular crystallography projects. De novo phasing has been carried out using single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (SAD) on a series of gadolinium-derivative crystals of two proteins: hen egg-white lysozyme and urate oxidase from(More)
A two-component ligand system (1) containing 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (DO3A) as the hosting unit for the lanthanide cations and an appended asymmetrically functionalized 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) as the chromophore was synthesized. The 1:1 complexes with Eu(3+), Gd(3+), Tb(3+), and Yb(3+) have been prepared and studied in aqueous(More)
Both the number and the position of iodine atoms on the aromatic ring of polyiodinated N,N’-bis(2,3dihydroxypropyl)-5-[2-methylamino-2-oxoethoxy]-1,3-benzenedicarboxamides are crucial to define the structure of the product obtained by treatment with aqueous NaOH. The 2,6-diiodo and the 2,4,6-triiodo derivatives give the corresponding Smiles rearrangement(More)
Three novel Mn(II) complexes bearing benzyloxymethyl functionalities are reported and their ability to enhance water (1H and 17O) relaxation times is investigated in detail. Two of them contain one coordinated water molecule and display relaxivity values only slightly smaller than those shown by the most clinically used contrast agents (e.g.(More)
A series of gadolinium complexes conjugated to bile acids was prepared and investigated as possible hepatospecific MR imaging contrast agents. In the design of such compounds, features such as the nature of the bile acid, the site of conjugation on the bile acid skeleton, and the global charge of the conjugate were taken into account. Relaxivity(More)