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BACKGROUND Atresia of ileocaecal valve is the rarest type of intestinal atresia; there are very few reports on it in the literature and all cases described to date were treated with ileocolic resection. METHODS We present a rare case of ileocaecal valve atresia, the third in the literature, in which a "different" technical approach was employed as an(More)
AIMS Newborns affected by congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are high-risk patients: today the mortality is still elevated and is essentially due to severe pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary hypertension and the absence of surfactant. High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation (HFOV) seems to be a good pre- and postoperative technique in cases of CDH. (More)
Neoplastic invasion of the inferior vena cava due to renal tumors (especially Wilms' tumor) is uncommon in children. The tumor thrombus, according to the aggressiveness of the original neoplasm, can extend in diverse ways, obliterate the vascular lumen completely, and even reach the right atrium. The luminal thrombus might be accompanied by the involvement(More)
During a 5-year-period, 17 cases of congenital adenomatoid malformation of the lung were observed in the Department of Pediatric Surgery of Bologna University-S. Orsola-Malpighi Hospital; 16 cases were diagnosed in utero by ultra-sound. 13 patients had prenatal diagnosis between 21 and 23 weeks of gestation; 2 cases were diagnosed at 25 weeks and another(More)
BACKGROUND After a Kasai procedure, 70% of patients with biliary atresia develop chronic liver disease with portal hypertension and oesophageal varices. AIMS To investigate the role of new non-invasive parameters in predicting the presence of varices in patients with biliary atresia after a Kasai procedure and to identify the cut-off values of these(More)
In the female adrenogenital syndrome, the treatment of the urogenital sinus with high implanted vagina still presents a surgical challenge. The conventional technique (perineal vaginal pull-through) has been plagued by a high incidence of vaginal stenosis. A posterior sagittal transanorectal approach was proposed as an alternative to obtain an excellent(More)
The authors describe a case of a 5-years-old girl affected by diffuse oesophageal leiomyomatosis presenting with progressive dysphagia, cyanosis, recurrent pneumonia and retrosternal pain. She also suffered from occasional constipation due to perineal involvement by the disease and had a past history of recurrent microscopic hematuria, suggesting an(More)
Rhabdomyosarcoma of the diaphragm is a very rare entity, especially in childhood. A case of a 4-year-old girl is reported. The mass extended completely into the abdominal cavity, causing problems in differential diagnosis with other abdominal masses. Dimensions, structure and limits of the mass had been outlined by several examinations (IVP, sonography, CT,(More)
In this paper, we describe our experience in the treatment of childhood empyema using urokinase. Patients' ages ranged from 2 to 12 years. Urokinase (dosage: 3,100 IU/kg/day) was diluted in normal saline to produce 1000 IU/ml (maximum dosage 100,000 IU in 100 ml of normal saline). After 2 hours, the clamped catheters were released and connected to(More)
Adrenocortical tumors in children are extremely rare, accounting only for 0.3-0.4% of all neoplasms in this age. Most frequently they secrete hormones, resulting in virilization, Cushing's syndrome or feminization, while the non-functioning ones are unusual. The authors describe 12 cases observed in 13 years (1976-1989), with a mean age of 5 years. 9 cases(More)