Pier Giorgio Zuccaro

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This study investigated the association between biomarkers of fetal exposure to cigarette smoke at the end of pregnancy, cotinine in cord serum and in maternal and newborn urine samples, and quantitative measurement of smoking intake and exposure evaluated by maternal self-reported questionnaire. Study subjects were 429 mothers and their newborns from a(More)
The distribution of the oxidation polymorphism related to cytochrome CYP2D6 (debrisoquine type) was determined in 246 healthy Italian volunteers. Phenotyping was based on HPLC determination of the dextrometorphan/dextrorphan concentration ratio (metabolic ratio) in urine samples collected over an 8 h interval following a single oral 30 mg dose of(More)
The parallelism between serum levels of heroin and morphine (M) metabolites and the production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) from murine splenocyte cultures following s.c. injection with 20(More)
There is important preclinical evidence of long lasting neurotoxic and selective effects of ecstasy MDMA on serotonin systems in non-human primates. In humans long-term recreational use of ecstasy has been mainly associated with learning and memory impairments. The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuropsychological profile associated with(More)
The study examines the role of several potential predictors of urinary cotinine levels in a cross-sectional sample of 1,072 nonsmoking children and adolescents in Latium, Italy, during 1990-1991. As expected, there was a strong relation between passive exposure to smoking and the amount of maternal and paternal self-reported smoking. The urinary cotinine(More)
Cell-mediated immune response after the administration of MDMA alone and in combination with alcohol was evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, cross-over pilot clinical trial conducted in four healthy MDMA consumers who received single oral doses of 75 mg MDMA (n = 2) or 100 mg MDMA (n = 2), alcohol (0.8 mg/kg), MDMA and alcohol, or(More)
The relationship between nicotine intake and steady-state cotinine concentration was studied in a sample of 125 subjects who smoked their usual brands of cigarettes. Nicotine and tar yield of cigarettes was determined with a smoking machine, under standardized conditions. Blood was drawn about 8 hours after the last cigarette was smoked and serum cotinine(More)
Cell-mediated immune response after the administration of two repeated doses of 100 mg 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) at 4-hour and 24-hour intervals was evaluated in two randomised, double-blind and cross-over clinical trials conducted in healthy male MDMA consumers. MDMA produced a time-dependent decrease in the CD4/CD8 T-cell ratio due to a(More)
Acute administration of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") produces time-dependent immune dysfunction in humans. Recreational use of MDMA generally includes repeated drug consumption, often in association with other drugs, such as alcohol and cannabis. In the laboratory setting, repeated MDMA administration to healthy MDMA consumers(More)
Forty-three nonsmokers attending an infertility clinic reported their degree of passive exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and provided samples of blood and seminal plasma. Levels of nicotine and cotinine in biological fluid were evaluated by a radioimmunoassay. The data indicate that exposure to ETS results in measurable nicotine and cotinine(More)