Pier Egisto Valensin

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Twenty-four adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with central nervous system symptoms were studied for antiretroviral resistance mutations in HIV-1 RNA obtained from paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples. Paired sequences were obtained from 21 and 13 patients for reverse transcriptase (RT) and for protease,(More)
The nucleocapsid (N) protein of the Toscana (TOS) virus was expressed in Escherichia coli by using a pET15b vector. The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography and was characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The recombinant antigen was reactive with(More)
Toscana virus (Bunyaviridae family, Phlebovirus genus) is a sandfly fever virus responsible for human neurological infections. Sandfly viruses are transmitted by insect vectors (Phlebotomus species) and the infection is present in climatic areas that allow the life cycle of the vector. The arthropode-borne Toscana virus is the etiologic agent of meningitis,(More)
The sand fly-transmitted Toscana virus is recognized as an etiologic agent of an aseptic meningitis with a long convalescence. This infection has been reported overall in many tourists or in a seronegative population circulating in endemic Mediterranean areas (Italy, Portugal, Egypt, and Cyprus). We report a cluster of acute Toscana virus infections in the(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare three methods for using HIV-1 genotype to predict antiretroviral drug susceptibility. METHODS We applied three genotypic interpretation algorithms to 478 reverse transcriptase (RT) and 410 protease sequences for which phenotypic data were available. Sequences were obtained from clinical practice and from published sequences in the(More)
Muscle biopsy tissue from a patient with chronic hepatitis, who was hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive and showed slight weakness of the right arm and leg associated with increased serum creatine kinase levels, was studied using immunocytochemical and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques. Muscle biopsy showed changes compatible with an inflammatory(More)
In a prospective study of 33 infants born to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive human immunodeficiency virus-negative mothers the vertical transmission of HCV occurred in 6.8%. The evolution of HCV infection in two babies was studied from birth up to 5 or 6 years of age, and the sequencing of the hypervariable region (HVR) of the putative envelope-encoding E2(More)
Plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 RNA load is the reference marker for response to antiretroviral therapy. To compare peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-associated and plasma HIV-1 RNA response to treatment, HIV-1 RNA was quantified by reverse transcription-competitive polymerase chain reaction in 20 patients at 0, 12, and 24 weeks(More)