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Twenty-four adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) with central nervous system symptoms were studied for antiretroviral resistance mutations in HIV-1 RNA obtained from paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples. Paired sequences were obtained from 21 and 13 patients for reverse transcriptase (RT) and for protease,(More)
The nucleocapsid (N) protein of the Toscana (TOS) virus was expressed in Escherichia coli by using a pET15b vector. The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography and was characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The recombinant antigen was reactive with(More)
A reliable selective PCR procedure that combines the use of additionally mutated primers with the specificity-enhancing properties of a commercial preparation (Perfect Match, Stratagene) is described. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 pol gene point mutations known to confer in vitro resistance to azidothymidine were examined as a model for(More)
A serological study was carried out on 527 girls immunized with RA 27/3 rubella vaccine. Data from all scheduled serum samples over a 5-year follow-up were available for 102 vaccinees, 10 (9.8%) of whom showed evidence of reinfection during the 5th year after immunisation, a year in which there was a rubella outbreak in the Siena area (Italy). We examined(More)
A duplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed for the simultaneous detection of Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. A study of 163 respiratory specimens from in-patients of the "Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire de Nancy" showed the good sensitivity of this duplex PCR allowing the detection of C. pneumoniae and M. pneumoniae from 8(More)
BACKGROUND The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) applied in diagnostic and epidemiologic investigations is very useful for sensitivity, specificity and time saving. OBJECTIVE We have developed a method for the detection of genomic RNA of two different species of virus, the influenza A virus (IA) and the respiratory syncytial virus (RS), which are(More)
BACKGROUND Postmortem skin is widely used in the treatment of patients with severe burns. Skin specimens must be screened for transmissible agents including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) virus, human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Treponema pallidum. METHODS Four hundred and sixty-one(More)
The reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to amplify a 129-bp fragment of the mumps virus F gene from strains circulating in the Siena area from 1993-1995. The nucleic acid was amplified directly from the samples; no growth in cell culture was required. Nucleotide sequence analysis and the comparison with other virus strains(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution of drug-resistant HIV-1 variants in plasma RNA and peripheral blood monuclear cell (PBMC) DNA at treatment failure while on therapy and after stopping therapy. DESIGN Fifty-eight patients failing their first highly active antiretroviral treatment while on therapy and 50 patients after a median of 18.6 weeks after(More)