The nucleocapsid (N) protein of the Toscana (TOS) virus was expressed in Escherichia coli by using a pET15b vector. The recombinant protein was purified by affinity chromatography and was characterized by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting, and enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The recombinant antigen was reactive with… (More)
Toscana virus (Bunyaviridae family, Phlebovirus genus) is a sandfly fever virus responsible for human neurological infections. Sandfly viruses are transmitted by insect vectors (Phlebotomus species) and the infection is present in climatic areas that allow the life cycle of the vector. The arthropode-borne Toscana virus is the etiologic agent of meningitis,… (More)
The sand fly-transmitted Toscana virus is recognized as an etiologic agent of an aseptic meningitis with a long convalescence. This infection has been reported overall in many tourists or in a seronegative population circulating in endemic Mediterranean areas (Italy, Portugal, Egypt, and Cyprus). We report a cluster of acute Toscana virus infections in the… (More)
Muscle biopsy tissue from a patient with chronic hepatitis, who was hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive and showed slight weakness of the right arm and leg associated with increased serum creatine kinase levels, was studied using immunocytochemical and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques. Muscle biopsy showed changes compatible with an inflammatory… (More)
In a prospective study of 33 infants born to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive human immunodeficiency virus-negative mothers the vertical transmission of HCV occurred in 6.8%. The evolution of HCV infection in two babies was studied from birth up to 5 or 6 years of age, and the sequencing of the hypervariable region (HVR) of the putative envelope-encoding E2… (More)
An in-house reverse transcription (RT)-competitive PCR (RT-cPCR) for the quantitation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in plasma samples was developed and validated. The procedure involves (i) extraction of RNA with spin columns, (ii) ready-to-use bead-mediated RT, (iii) competitive PCR in a microtiter plate, (iv) agarose gel… (More)
Active immunisation with rubella vaccine has not been commonly associated with neurological complications. We report the case of a 23-year-old woman who developed a mild, distal demyelinating neuropathy after immunisation with the live attenuated RA 27/3 rubella strain. Post-immunisation immunologic studies carried over 24 months showed the presence of… (More)
Measuring the NMR relaxation parameters of selectively excited protons within molecules bound to the cell membrane was shown to provide a profitable way of looking at the virus-cell interaction. Such approach made it possible to delineate the virus adsorption to human red blood cells by using the NMR features of the cytoskeleton inhibitor colchicine.