Pier Aldo Canessa

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PURPOSE High levels of serum-soluble mesothelin family proteins (SMRP) have been found to be associated with malignant mesothelioma (MM), but not lung cancer (LC). To verify the clinical role of this marker for both these tumors, we tested serum SMRP in the largest population of thoracic cancers ever assembled. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN SMRP blood(More)
Pleural malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but extremely aggressive cancer. The limited impact of standard therapeutic treatments on survival rates makes the identification of factors that increase the individual risk a leading priority. The high proportion of cases explained by exposure to asbestos has guided intervention policies to an effective ban of(More)
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive cancer mostly attributable to asbestos exposure. Many polymorphic genes encoding for xenobiotic and oxidative metabolism enzymes (XME) or involved in genome stability (GS) can modulate individual MPM risk in exposed populations. An association study was carried out in a case-control setting(More)
Individual response to oxidative stress, due to exposure to asbestos fibres plays a significant role in the malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) etiology. The differential impact on MPM risk of polymorphic alleles of glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD/SOD2) genes involved in the defence against oxidative damage has(More)
Overexpression of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been observed in lung and pleural tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic role of serum PDGF in pleural mesothelioma (PM). Four groups of subjects were studied: 93 malignant PM patients, 33 primary non small cell lung cancer patients, 51 subjects exposed to(More)
A 66 year old woman underwent a left lower lobectomy for bronchiectasis. Histology revealed the presence of multiple endocrine lesions, such as neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, tumourlets and microcarcinoids, which were widespread in bronchi, bronchioles and alveolar tissue. This case confirms the occurrence of neuroendocrine proliferations, in the setting(More)
As was reported that human mammaglobin (hMAM) may be expressed in malignant pleural effusions (PEs), we investigated the relevance of hMAM reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for their diagnosis and determination of primary origin. Two hundred and twenty-eight malignant (132 male, 96 female) and 185 benign (132 male, 53 female) PEs were(More)
BACKGROUND A potential role of serum osteopontin (OPN) and serum mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) in the diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has been recently reported. Although the most important data regarding the role of OPN in MPMs derive from the marker's measurement in serum samples, most commercial laboratory kits for OPN assay are(More)
Asbestos has been used extensively and, in spite of many countries having banned most of its uses, professional, domestic and environmental exposure has not ceased worldwide. Inhaled asbestos fibers can lead to malignant mesothelioma, lung cancer and non-cancerous conditions, while the substance persists indefinitely in the lung and pleural tissue,(More)
Respiratory bronchiolitis associated with interstitial lung disease (RB-ILD), first described by Niewoehner et al in an autopsy study of cigarette smokers who died from non pulmonary causes in 1974, is a rare entity that should be distinguished from the other interstitial lung diseases and in particular from desquamative interstitial pneumonia, although the(More)