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The article reviews the existing methods of multicolor FISH on nuclear targets, first of all, interphase chromosomes. FISH proper and image acquisition are considered as two related components of a single process. We discuss (1) M-FISH (combinatorial labeling + deconvolution + wide-field microscopy); (2) multicolor labeling + SIM (structured illumination(More)
Common fragile sites have been involved in neoplastic transformation, although their molecular basis is still poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of the SMC1 by RNAi is sufficient to induce fragile site expression. By investigating normal, ATM- and ATR-deficient cell lines, we provide evidence that the contribution of SMC1 in preventing(More)
Recent evidence indicates the presence of p21 Ras and of a protein with characteristics similar to mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), in mammalian spermatozoa, suggesting the occurrence of the Ras/ERK cascade in these cells. In the present study we investigated the subcellular localization(More)
With the electro-driven import of rhodamine 123, we used single cell fluorescence microscopy to single out the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) in controlling mitochondrial membrane potential expressed by (stationary growing) rhabdomyosarcoma and neuroblastoma cells in culture. The experimental design and the computer-aided image analysis detected and(More)
The kinetics of the reaction of CO with intraerythrocytic haemoglobin has been studied in single red blood cells (RBC) using a scanning microspectrophotometer and a photochemical perturbation method. Measurements have been carried out using red blood cells from man and camel (Camelus dromedarius), the latter at different osmotic pressures. Camel RBC, which(More)
Human transferrin (Tf) and saporin-6 (Sap), a ribosome inactivating protein from Saponaria officinalis, were chemically conjugated: the reaction generated two chimeras (called Tf-Sap) that proved to be cytotoxic to HepG2 cells. Electrophoretic and chromatographic analysis revealed that the two conjugates contained saporin and Tf in a 2:1 or 1:1 molar ratio(More)
The poor speed performance or the limited optical accuracy of the scanning devices currently employed in microspectroscopy can be substantially improved, for high resolution work, using a method based on the displacement of the condenser by means of an electrodynamic technique. The unit described, for work in the visible range, features random addressing(More)
The toxicity of two conjugates containing ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs, i.e. saporin and ricin-A chain x-linked to transferrin) has been measured on a prostatic cancer line (PC3) naturally overexpressing the transferrin receptor, in the presence of monensin and chloroquine. This paper investigates whether the increased toxicity of Tf-RIPs induced by(More)