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BACKGROUND The scarcity of grafts for lung transplant and the growing number of candidates expecting an organ has led to an increase of deaths in patients waiting for lung transplantation. Non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) represent a promising source of grafts for those who are involved in clinical lung transplantation. We present the results of our series(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory frequency increases during exacerbations of COPD (ECOPD). We hypothesized that this increase can be detected at home before ECOPD hospitalization. METHODS To test this hypothesis, respiratory frequency was monitored at home daily for 3 months in 89 patients with COPD (FEV₁, 42.3% ± 14.0%; reference) who were receiving domiciliary(More)
Solid-organ transplant recipients are at increased risk of developing cancer compared with the general population. Tumours can arise de novo, as a recurrence of a preexisting malignancy, or from the donated organ. The ATOS (Aula sobre Trasplantes de Órganos Sólidos; the Solid-Organ Transplantation Working Group) group, integrated by Spanish transplant(More)
A patient with paraneoplastic encephalomyelitis (PEM) and small cell lung cancer had a clinical presentation of acute polyneuritis. The patient had an antibody (anti-Hu) restricted to nuclei of neurons identical to that reported in patients with subacute sensory neuronopathy and lung cancer. This finding further supports the hypothesis that PEM and subacute(More)
BACKGROUND The main problem with using nebulized liposomal amphotericin (n-LAB) as prophylaxis for Aspergillus infection after lung transplantation is the lack of knowledge of its pharmacokinetics and its possible adverse effects. The aim of this study was to measure post-inhalation amphotericin B concentration in the respiratory tract and serum of lung(More)
BACKGROUND Nebulized amphotericin B deoxycholate (n-ABD) is used to prevent Aspergillus infection in lung transplantation. Nebulized liposomal amphotericin B (n-LAB) is another option; however, no clinical data are available on the results of n-LAB for this purpose. METHODS In an observational study performed in 2 centers to assess the feasibility,(More)
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the epidemiology, etiology and prognosis of pneumonia in lung transplant (LT) recipients. This is a prospective, multicenter study of a consecutive cohort of LT recipients in Spain. From September 2003 to November 2005, 85 episodes of pneumonia in 236 LT recipients were included (incidence 72 episodes per 100(More)
Almitrine improves ventilation/perfusion relationships (VA/Q) in COPD, but its effects in ARDS, in which VA/Q mismatching is the cause of severe hypoxemia, are not known. The effects of almitrine on pulmonary gas exchange and circulation were assessed in 9 patients with ARDS who were sedated, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated at constant FlO2 (range,(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylaxis with inhaled liposomal amphotericin B has proven to be safe and effective for preventing infection due to Aspergillus spp in lung transplant recipients. However, the liposome contains a large quantity of phospholipids, and inhalation of these substances could potentially change the composition of pulmonary surfactant. The aim of this(More)
BACKGROUND Transplant patients receiving immunosuppressant treatment suffer gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) limiting their health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and causing dose redíuctions and discontinuations. METHODS This observational, multicenter, cross-sectional study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire for detecting and quantifying the(More)