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Recruitment of neutrophils is a common feature in diseases that are associated with mast cell activation. The mechanisms that mediate neutrophil activation are not well understood. IL-8 is a recently described potent chemotactic factor that might be pathogenetically involved in this process. We therefore studied the human mast cell line HMCI and human skin(More)
In order to evaluate various markers for human mast cells, two human mast/basophilic cell lines (HMC-1/KU812), cultured mast cells from the peripheral blood monocytic fraction and peripheral blood monocytes were compared with mast cells in tissue sections from normal skin, using histochemistry, enzyme histochemistry and immunohistochemistry. All reagents(More)
Mast cells have been implicated in various diseases that are accompanied by neovascularization. The exact mechanisms by which mast cells might mediate an angiogenic response, however, are unclear and therefore, we have investigated the possible expression of vascular endothelial growth factor/vascular permeability factor (VEGF/VPF) in the human mast cell(More)
The Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP; uromodulin), the dominant protein in normal urine, is produced exclusively in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop. THP mutations are associated with disease; however, the physiological role of THP remains obscure. We generated THP gene-deficient mice (THP -/-) and compared them with wild-type (WT) mice. THP -/- mice(More)
The mechanisms of drug-receptor interactions and the controlled delivery of drugs via biodegradable and biocompatible nanoparticulate carriers are active research fields in nanomedicine. Many clinically used drugs target G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) due to the fact that signaling via GPCRs is crucial in physiological and pathological processes and(More)
Mechanisms affecting mast cell and melanocyte growth and function are still poorly understood. This report summarizes the current state of knowledge on a recently described growth factor for both these cell types and for primitive haematopoietic stem cells. Stem cell factor (SCF), also named mast cell growth factor or kit-ligand, has only recently been(More)
The role of adhesion molecules in the control of hair follicle (HF) morphogenesis, regression and cycling is still rather enigmatic. Since the adhesion molecules E- and P-cadherin (Ecad and Pcad) are functionally important, e.g. during embryonic pattern formation, we have studied their expression patterns during neonatal HF morphogenesis and cycling in(More)
HGF/SF and its receptor (Met) are principal mediators of mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in several different systems and have recently been implicated in the control of hair follicle (HF) growth. We have studied their expression patterns during HF morphogenesis and cycling in C57BL/6 mice, whereas functional hair growth effects of HGF/SF were assessed(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neurturin (NTN), and their receptors, GDNF family receptor alpha-1 (GFRalpha-1) and GDNF family receptor alpha-2 (GFRalpha-2), are critically important for kidney and nervous system development. However, their role in skin biology, specifically in hair growth control, is as yet unknown. We have studied(More)
Although the TGF-beta family of growth factors probably regulates skin and hair follicle development, its exact role is still quite ill-defined. Here, we characterize the correlative expression pattern of the interdependent high affinity receptor proteins for TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta3, TGF-beta receptor type I (TGF-betaRI) and TGF-beta receptor type II(More)