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Considerable evidence exists that the velocity of execution of handwriting and drawing movements depends on some global metric properties of the movement (size, linear extent etc.). Recent experiments have demonstrated that the instantaneous velocity also depends on the local curvature of the trajectory, that is, on the differential geometrical properties(More)
Two approaches to the study of movement planning were contrasted. Data on the drawing of complex two-dimensional trajectories were used to test whether the covariations of the kinematic and geometrical parameters of the movement formalized by the two-thirds power law and by the isochrony principle (P. Viviani & R. Schneider, 1991) can be derived from the(More)
Trajectory and kinematics of drawing movements are mutually constrained by functional relationships that reduce the degrees of freedom of the hand-arm system. Previous investigations of these relationships are extended here by considering their development in children between 5 and 12 years of age. Performances in a simple motor task--the continuous tracing(More)
Six experiments demonstrate a visual dynamic illusion. Previous work has shown that in 2-dimensional (2D) drawing movements, tangential velocity and radius of curvature covary in a constrained manner. The velocity of point stimuli is perceived as uniform if and only if this biological constraint is satisfied. The illusion is conspicuous: The variations of(More)
In two experiments we explore the structure of complex sequences of drawing movements. We find that in these movements a single parameter--the velocity gain factor--relates the geometrical and kinematic aspects of the movement trajectory via a two-thirds power law. In Experiment 1 we investigate the relation between the velocity gain factor and the linear(More)
By comparing the visuomotor performance of 10 adult, normal subjects in three tasks, we investigated whether errors in pointing movements reflect biased estimations of the hand starting position. In a manual pointing task with no visual feedback, subjects aimed at 48 targets spaced regularly around two starting positions. Nine subjects exhibited a similar(More)
The relation between figural and kimematic aspects of movement was studied in handwriting and drawing. It was found that, throughout the movement, the tangential velocity. V is proportional to the radius of curvature r of the trajectory: V= kr, or, equivalently, that the angular velocity is constant: dalpha(t)/dt = K. However, the constant k generally takes(More)
Three hypotheses concerning the control variables in visuomanual pointing were tested. Participants pointed to a visual target presented briefly in total darkness on the horizontal plane. The starting position of the hand alternated randomly among 4 points arranged as a diamond. Results show that during the experiment, movement drifted from hypometric to(More)
An experiment investigated in human adults the sensorimotor transformation involved in pointing to a spatial target identified previously by kinesthetic cues. In the "locating phase," a computer-controlled mechanical arm guided the left [condition LR (left-right)] or right [condition RR (right-right)] finger of the blindfolded participant to one of 27(More)
Two experiments pursued previous studies (P. Viviani & P. Mounoud, 1990; P. Viviani & N. Stucchi, 1989) on motor-perceptual interactions. The right arm of blindfolded participants was moved passively along elliptic trajectories. Kinematics was either coherent or at variance with the relation (two-thirds power law) observed in active movements. In Experiment(More)