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Prior experiments have shown that young children, like adult rats, rely mainly on information about the macroscopic shape of the environment to reorient themselves, whereas human adults rely more flexibly on combinations of spatial and non-spatial landmark information. Adult rats have also been shown to exhibit a striking limitation in another spatial(More)
  • P Munkholm
  • Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
  • 2003
Although colorectal cancer (CRC), complicating ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, only accounts for 1-2% of all cases of CRC in the general population, it is considered a serious complication of the disease and accounts for approximately 15% of all deaths in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The magnitude of the risk was found to differ, even(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS In a geographically derived incidence cohort diagnosed from 1962 to 1987 we identified all patients with onset of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) before the age of 15 years, to describe the clinical course and to compare the course and prognosis with those of adult-onset IBD. RESULTS The mean incidence of IBD among children below(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS We assessed the familial occurrence of inflammatory bowel disease in Copenhagen County, where there has been a long-term interest in the epidemiology of such disorders. In 1987 we interviewed 662 patients in whom inflammatory bowel disease had been diagnosed before 1979, asking whether their first- and second-degree relatives had this(More)
AIM To determine the long-term risk of intestinal and extra-intestinal malignancies in Crohn's disease patients in Copenhagen County, Denmark. METHODS In Copenhagen County, a strictly population-based cohort of 374 patients with Crohn's disease diagnosed between 1962 and 1987 was followed until 1997 in order to determine the long-term risk of intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The risk for colorectal cancer in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from the United States currently is unknown. We estimated the risk for small-bowel and colorectal cancer in a population-based cohort of 692 inflammatory bowel disease patients from Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1940 to 2001. METHODS The Rochester(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Monozygotic (MZ) twin discordance rates and epidemiologic data implicate that environmental changes and epigenetic factors may play a pathogenic role in IBD. DNA methylation (the methylation of cytosines within CpG dinucleotides) is an(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic relapsing disorders of unknown aetiology. The aim of this review is to present the latest epidemiology data on occurrence, disease course, risk for surgery, as well as mortality and cancer risks. MATERIAL AND METHODS Gold standard(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The course and prognosis of ulcerative colitis (UC) are often reported in terms of mortality and cancer risk. This study examined the clinical course in terms of morbidity. METHODS A total of 1161 patients with UC were followed up from diagnosis up to 25 years. Actuarial analysis and Markov chain analysis were used to estimate the(More)
This third section of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) Consensus on the management of Crohn's disease concerns postoperative recurrence, fistulating disease, paediatrics, pregnancy, psychosomatics, extraintestinal manifestations, and alternative therapy. The first section on definitions and diagnosis reports on the aims and methods of(More)