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BACKGROUND In postoperative sepsis, mortality is increased due to the surgically induced immune dysfunction. Further causes of this traumatic effect on the immune system include burn injuries and polytrauma, as well as endogenous traumata like stroke. Several animal models have been defined to analyse the characteristics of trauma-induced immune(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Chronic stress could promote tumour growth and reduce survival of pancreatic cancer patients via beta-adrenergic receptors of tumour cells. We have tested the impact of chronic acoustic and restraint stress on tumour development in an orthotopic syngeneic murine model of pancreatic cancer. METHODS AND RESULTS Tumour-bearing C57BL/6(More)
The particular importance of the vagus nerve for the pathophysiology of peritonitis becomes more and more apparent. In this work we provide evidence for the vagal modulation of inflammation in the murine model of colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP). Vagotomy significantly increases mortality in polymicrobial sepsis. This effect is not accounted for by(More)
On abdominal CT scans asymptomatic cystic lesions of the pancreas are accidentally detected in 1-2% of patients. Congenital cysts and pancreatic pseudocysts account for two thirds of these lesions. Pancreatic pseudocysts are a frequent complication of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Among resected cystic neoplasms serous cystic adenoma accounts for 30%,(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical interventions induce changes in postoperative immune competence due to the surgical trauma. Consequently, the immune system cannot react sufficiently in case of septic complications. The dimension of postoperative immune suppression can be determined by HLA-DR surface expression on circulating monocytes. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the(More)
Background A growing number of operations are performed using minimally invasive techniques. Therefore, a lot of new requirements must be met by the staplers currently available. At the present time, the most widely used methods of minimally invasive vascular occlusion involve high-frequency energy, clips, and staplers. The most important quality parameter(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal surgery is frequently followed by immune dysfunction usually lasting for several days. This is especially important in cases with tumour diseases as an intact immune function is essential in this situation. Therefore, we analysed the outcome of tumour-bearing mice in a mouse model of surgically induced immune dysfunction (SID). (More)