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Coumarin is 7-hydroxylated by the P450 isoform Cyp2a-5 in mice and CYP2A6 in humans. Various drugs, endogenous substances, plant substances and carcinogens, altogether about 90 chemicals, were evaluated as possible inhibitors of coumarin 7-hydroxylase (COH) activity in mouse microsomes. The effects of selected compounds on COH activity in human liver(More)
Plant phenolics, especially dietary flavonoids, are currently of growing interest owing to their supposed functional properties in promoting human health. Antimicrobial screening of 13 phenolic substances and 29 extracts prepared from Finnish plant materials against selected microbes was conducted in this study. The tests were carried out using diffusion(More)
In inflammation, bacterial products and proinflammatory cytokines induce the formation of large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and compounds that inhibit NO production have anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we systematically investigated the effects of 36 naturally occurring flavonoids and related(More)
In inflammation, bacterial products and proinflammatory cytokines induce the formation of large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) by inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and compounds that inhibit NO production have anti-inflammatory effects. In the present study, we systematically investigated the effects of 36 naturally occurring flavonoids and related(More)
An ethnobotanical investigation on the medicinal uses of some species of Terminalia and Combretum (Combretaceae) was carried out in Mbeya, Tanzania during a 5-weeks field expedition. Of the sixteen species collected, Combretum fragrans F. Hoffm., Combretum molle G. Don., Combretum psidioides Welw., Combretum zeyheri Sond., Terminalia kaiserana F. Hoffm. and(More)
The flavonoids comprise a large group of polyphenolic compounds that are ubiquitous in vegetables, berries, and fruits, and they have been shown to possess antioxidative activity. The interactions between flavonoids and membranes composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) have been studied by means of noncovalent immobilized artificial membrane (IAM)(More)
The in vitro boar spermatozoon test was compared with the LC ion trap MS analysis for measuring the cereulide content of a pasta dish, implemented in serious emetic food poisoning caused by Bacillus cereus. Both assays showed that the poisonous food contained approximately 1.6 microg of cereulide g(-1) implying the toxic dose in human as < or =8 microg(More)
Antimicrobial screening against selected Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, yeasts, mold, as well as plant pathogenic fungi, with emphasis on method optimization was carried out on methanol extracts prepared from seven plants grown in Finland. Sensitivity to the extracts was found to vary considerably among the micro-organisms, the extract from(More)
PURPOSE Extracts made from berries, herbs, and various plant materials, which might possess a range of activities, are used as health promoting products. Because little is known about their effects on the absorption of co-administered drugs, the effects of some food supplements, Finnish berries, and herbs were studied on the permeability of some commonly(More)
Current investigation focuses on the toxicity evaluation of whole fruit hydroalcoholic extract of Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae), used in Cuban traditional medicine a.o. for the treatment of respiratory diseases. Previous findings on the anti-influenza activity of Punica granatum extracts has given support to the ethnopharmacological application. In our(More)