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BACKGROUND Treatment of coeliac disease (CD) requires lifelong adherence to a strict gluten free diet (GFD) which hitherto has consisted of a diet free of wheat, rye, barley, and oats. Recent studies, mainly in adults, have shown that oats are non-toxic to CD patients. In children, only open studies comprising a small number of patients have been performed.(More)
Infant feeding history was investigated in 72 celiac and 288 age-matched reference children in a retrospective questionnaire study. The reply rate was 100% in celiac and 91.6% in reference children. The celiac children were breast-fed for a significantly shorter time than reference children, and they were less often breast-fed at the introduction of gluten.(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, a gluten challenge was customary to establish the diagnosis of celiac disease in children. There are no clear recommendations on how to perform this challenge or what markers to rely on for timing the biopsy after the challenge. The authors' aim was to monitor gluten intake, clinical symptoms, and antibody kinetics to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Coeliac disease is a gluten-sensitive enteropathy where pro-inflammatory cytokines and excess nitric oxide (NO) production can contribute to mucosal damage. NO urinary products are elevated in coeliac children on a gluten diet, but it is not known how rapidly this increase develops after gluten exposure. METHODS Oral gluten challenge was(More)
BACKGROUND Celiac disease is characterized by morphologic and functional aberrations of the small intestinal mucosa, i.e., crypt hyperplasia, villous atrophy, infiltration of intraepithelial lymphocytes, and alteration of permeability. Nitric oxide has been shown to affect mucosal permeability after ischemia-reperfusion, but little is known about the(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies report negligible toxicity of oats in the majority of coeliac disease (CD) patients. It has previously been shown that children with untreated CD have circulating antibodies to oats avenin. In this study we performed serial assessments of anti-avenin antibodies in children under investigation for CD on a gluten-free diet with or(More)
OBJECTIVE Although in both adults and children with coeliac disease (CD) it is now recommended that oats be added to their gluten-free diet, there is still some controversy concerning the possible harmful effects of oats in some individuals. In this study concentrations of nitric oxide metabolites were repeatedly measured in the urine of children under(More)
AIM To evaluate possible differences between children with anti-endomysium antibodies (EMA) positivity and normal small bowel mucosa and children with positive EMA and an enteropathy diagnosed as celiac disease (CD). METHODS Children with suspected CD and positive EMA (>or=1/10) undergoing small bowel biopsy during 1996 to 2002, were investigated (n=133).(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of coeliac disease (CD) in Swedish children has attracted considerable interest over the past few decades, and especially the influence of feeding habits on the increased incidence. A national study has reported a trend towards a decrease in incidence after a change in infant feeding recommendations was introduced in 1996. The aim(More)