Pia Koldkjaer

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We have reconstructed the events that led to the evolution of a key physiological innovation underpinning the large adaptive radiation of fishes, namely their unique ability to secrete molecular oxygen (O2). We show that O2 secretion into the swimbladder evolved some 100 million years after another O2-secreting system in the eye. We unravel the likely(More)
Lungfishes (Dipnoi) occupy an evolutionary transition between water and air breathing and possess well-developed lungs and reduced gills. The South American species, Lepidosiren paradoxa, is an obligate air-breather and has the lowest aquatic respiration of the three extant genera. To study the relative importance, location and modality of reflexogenic(More)
Entamoeba histolytica is a significant cause of disease worldwide. However, little is known about the genetic diversity of the parasite. We re-sequenced the genomes of ten laboratory cultured lines of the eukaryotic pathogen Entamoeba histolytica in order to develop a picture of genetic diversity across the genome. The extreme nucleotide composition bias(More)
Red blood cells (RBCs) from most vertebrates restore volume upon hypertonic shrinkage and the mechanisms underlying this regulatory volume increase (RVI) have been studied extensively in these cells. Despite the phylogenetically interesting position of reptiles, very little is known about their red cell function. The present study demonstrates that(More)
When held in air for up to 24 h, crayfish accumulated Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) in their haemolymph in direct proportion to raised levels of lactate. K(+) levels were highly variable, with elevated levels associated with morbidity. Lactate accumulation in the haemolymph was reflected in proportional increases in lactate levels in the carapace and muscle. Pieces of(More)
The red blood cells (RBCs) of cane toad, Bufo marinus, are only partially saturated with oxygen in most of the circulation due to cardiac shunts that cause desaturation of arterial blood. The present study examines the oxygen dependency of RBC ouabain-insensitive unidirectional Na transport, using 22Na, in control cells and in cells exposed to hyperosmotic(More)
The O2 dependence of ouabain-independent K+ transport mechanisms has been studied by unidirectional Rb+ flux analysis in crucian carp red blood cells (RBCs). The following observations suggest that O2 activates K+-Cl- cotransport (KCC) and deactivates Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransport (NKCC) in these cells via separate O2 sensors that differ in their O2 affinity.(More)
Haemoglobin concentrations in vertebrate red blood cells are so high that in human sickle cell disease a single surface amino acid mutation can result in formation of large insoluble haemoglobin aggregates at low oxygen levels, causing peculiar cell deformations or 'sickling'. This may cause vascular occlusion and thereby severe pain, organ failure and(More)
The beta-adrenergic stress response in red blood cells (RBCs) of rainbow trout shows seasonal changes in expression. We have explored the mechanisms underpinning this response by following, over a period of 27 months, changes in beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) binding characteristics, beta-adrenergically stimulated RBC Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (betaNHE)(More)
Two human hemoglobin (Hb) variants, Hb C and Hb S, are known to protect against Plasmodium falciparum malaria and have evolved repeatedly in malaria endemic areas. Both aggregate to insoluble crystals (Hb C) or polymers (Hb S) under certain physiological conditions, impair parasite growth, and may facilitate retention of infected red blood cells (RBCs) in(More)