Pia Bäckström

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Nucleus accumbens glutamate transmission has been implicated in drug-seeking behavior, but the involvement of glutamate receptor subtypes in drug seeking maintained by drug-associated cues has not been fully investigated. This study examined the effects of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)/kainate, N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)(More)
The glutamatergic system plays an important role in mediating neurobehavioral effects of ethanol. Metabotropic glutamate receptors subtype 5 (mGluR5) are modulators of glutamatergic neurotransmission and are abundant in brain regions known to be involved in ethanol self-administration. Here, we studied the effects of 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine(More)
BACKGROUND Glutamatergic neurotransmission has been implicated in drug-environment conditioning, but little is known about the role of glutamate in alcohol seeking maintained by alcohol-associated cues. Therefore, we examined the effects of ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists on cue-induced ethanol-seeking behavior in the extinction/reinstatement(More)
Neuroanatomical and pharmacological evidence implicates glutamate transmission in drug-environment conditioning that partly controls drug seeking and relapse. Glutamate receptors could be targets for pharmacological attenuation of the motivational properties of drug-paired cues and for relapse prevention. The purpose of the present study was therefore to(More)
Glutamatergic neurotransmission has been suggested to modulate cue-induced drug-seeking behavior. Here we examined the effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists on alcohol self-administration and cue-induced reinstatement. Rats were trained to self-administer 10% w/v ethanol under an FR1 schedule of reinforcement during 30-min sessions. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of the brain regions involved in ethanol administration is important for understanding the neurobiology of ethanol addiction. Animal studies with different brain mapping techniques found that voluntary ethanol self-administration leads to changes in activity of specific brain regions in patterns that only partially overlap with(More)
The effects of site-specific NMDA receptor antagonists on intravenous cocaine self-administration were examined in rats trained to self-administer cocaine (0.25 mg/infusion) on a fixed ratio (FR) 5 schedule with a 20-s time-out (TO) after each reinforcer. The non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists, dizocilpine (MK-801,(More)
Abstract Rationale. It has been suggested previously that conditioned effects on drug-seeking behaviour are in part mediated through glutamatergic neurotransmission. Objectives. To optimise a second-order schedule of IV cocaine reinforcement in Wistar rats and investigate the effects of the systemic AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist CNQX on cocaine-seeking(More)
Milk proteins are the main components of everyday feeding and demonstrate a promising potential to change the mental condition. However, the effects of milk proteins after prolonged use remain poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of two whey proteins (alpha-lactalbumin (alpha-lac) and native whey) with casein on social(More)
The crude extract (IPA) of the plant Ipomoea pes-caprae (L.) R. Br. showed an inhibitory effect on prostaglandin synthesis in vitro. Bioassay-guided separation of the extract led to the isolation of four active compounds: 2-hydroxy-4,4,7-trimethyl-1(4H)-naphthalenone (1), (-)-mellein (2), eugenol (3), and 4-vinyl-guaiacol (4). Among the isolated compounds,(More)