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Steady-state absorption and emission spectra were recorded by a Hitachi (U-3310) spectrophotometer and an Edinburgh (FS920) fluorimeter, respectively. Both wavelength-dependent excitation and emission response of the fluorimeter have been calibrated. DCM in methanol with Φ ~ 0.44 served as the standard for the calculation of the fluorescence quantum yields(More)
The unique optical properties of gold nanorods (GNRs) have recently drawn considerable interest from those working in in vivo biomolecular sensing and bioimaging. Especially appealing in these applications is the plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence of GNRs induced by two-photon excitation at infrared wavelengths, owing to the significant penetration depth of(More)
Exploiting our recently developed bilayer interface methodology, together with a new wide energy-gap, low LUMO acceptor (A) and the designated donor (D) layers, we succeeded in fabricating an exciplex-based organic light-emitting diode (OLED) systematically tuned from blue to red. Further optimization rendered a record-high blue exciplex OLED with η(ext) of(More)
We propose a time-varying optimal window width (TVOWW) and an adaptive optimal window width selection schemes to optimize the performance of several nonlinear-type time–frequency analyses, including the reassignment method and its variations. A window rendering the most concentrated distribution in the time–frequency representation is regarded as the(More)
The syntheses, structures, and physical properties of dibenzozethrenes were explored. The results thus obtained were compared with those for zethrenes. Dibenzozethrenes were synthesized by the nickel-catalyzed cyclodimerization of 9-ethynyl-1-iodoanthracenes. The substituents in zethrene and dibenzozethrene twisted their backbones, and remarkably influenced(More)
This study carefully examines carrier dynamics in highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on a series of recently developed dicarboxyterpyridine Ru(II) dyes (PRT-11-15). Comprehensive spectral response analyses, transient photovoltage and photocurrent measurements, and transient absorption techniques are exploited to investigate the(More)
Intermolecular [2+2+2] cycloaddition reaction employing an air-stable ruthenium perchloro-cyclobutenonyl complex as a catalyst is reported. A series of internal alkynes were incorporated with dimethyl acetylene-dicarboxylate in a ratio of 1:2 to give various substituted benzenes in high yield and high chemoselectivity.
A new series of neutral, thiocyanate-free Ru(II) sensitizers (TFRS-1-3), which are assembled using both 4,4'-carboxy-2,2'-bypyridine and 2-pyridyl pyrazolate ancillaries, exhibit a light-harvesting capability up to 700 nm and superior DSSC performance in conversion efficiency (eta = 9.54% for TFRS-2).