Piétro Scalfaro

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UNLABELLED Debio-025 is an oral cyclophilin (Cyp) inhibitor with potent anti-hepatitis C virus activity in vitro. Its effect on viral load as well as its influence on intracellular Cyp levels was investigated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Mean hepatitis C viral load decreased significantly by 3.6 log(10) after a 14-day oral(More)
Debio-025 is a synthetic cyclosporine with no immunosuppressive capacity but a high inhibitory potency against cyclophilin A (CypA)-associated cis-trans prolyl isomerase (PPIase) activity. A lack of immunosuppressive effects compared to that of cyclosporine was demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. For three cyclosporines, the inhibitory potential against(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits the in vitro replication of HCV subgenomic replicons. We here report on the potent anti-HCV activity of the non-immunosuppressive cyclosporin DEBIO-025. The 50% effective concentration for inhibition of HCV subgenomic replicon replication in Huh 5-2 cells (luciferase assay) by DEBIO-025 was 0.27 +/- 0.03 microg/mL and for CsA(More)
UNLABELLED The anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) effect and safety of three different oral doses of the cyclophilin inhibitor Debio 025 in combination with pegylated interferon-alpha2a (PEG IFN-alpha2a) were investigated in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled escalating dose-ranging phase II study in treatment-naïve patients with chronic(More)
In this study, we asked if a naturally occurring HIV-1 variant exists that circumvents CypA dependence in human cells. To address this issue, we sought viruses for CypA independence using Debio-025, a cyclosporine A (CsA) analog that disrupts CypA-capsid interaction. Surprisingly, viral variants from the Main group replicate even in the presence of the(More)
Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening by cyclosporin A or ischemic postconditioning attenuates lethal reperfusion injury. Its impact on major post-myocardial infarction events, including worsening of left ventricular (LV) function and death, remains unknown. We sought to determine whether pharmacological or(More)
To evaluate the feasibility and effects of non-invasive pressure support ventilation (NIV) on the breathing pattern in infants developing respiratory failure after extubation. Prospective pilot clinical study; each patient served as their own control. A nine-bed paediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary university hospital. Six patients (median age 5(More)
OBJECTIVE To acquire data on pediatric nosocomial infections (NIs), which are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality and for which data are scarce. DESIGN Prevalence survey and evaluation of a new comorbidity index. SETTING Seven Swiss pediatric hospitals. PATIENTS Those hospitalized for at least 24 hours in a medical, surgical, intensive(More)
UNLABELLED Cyclosporin A (CsA) inhibits replication of the HCV subgenomic replicon, and this effect is believed to not be mediated by its immunosuppressive action. We found that DEBIO-025, a novel non-immunosuppressive cyclophilin inhibitor derived from CsA, inhibited HCV replication in vitro more potently than CsA. We also examined the inhibitory effect of(More)
Zidovudine (ZDV) treatment during pregnancy, delivery and the postnatal period is effective in reducing the maternal-infant transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus. Reported adverse effects in the neonate during this long-term treatment are bone marrow suppression and elevation in aspartate aminotransferase activity. We report a case of severe(More)