Phyllis Catharina Romijn

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An epidemic-geographic rabies study was carried out in which 72 animal and human brain samples were analyzed for Lyssaviruses by a direct immunofluorescent technique (DIFT) and a reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Fifty-two samples were also tested by a mouse inoculation test. Lyssavirus RNA was detected in 60 of 72 samples.(More)
Human rabies transmitted by vampire bats reached new heights in Latin America in 2005. A total of 55 human cases were reported in several outbreaks, 41 of them in the Amazon region of Brazil. Peru and Brazil had the highest number of reported cases from 1975 to 2006. In Peru, outbreaks involving more than 20 cases of bat-transmitted human rabies were(More)
In order to evaluate the effects of reducing the number of animals used in the NIH mouse protection test for potency determination of inactivated rabies vaccines for human use, a retrospective study of the results obtained in the Brazilian National Control Laboratory, Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde (INCQS), was performed, comprising(More)
In order to evaluate the immune response produced by rabies vaccines in new world nonhuman primates, thirty marmosets (Callithrix sp) were divided into five groups of six individuals and submitted to five different antirabies vaccination schemes using two distinct commercially available animal vaccines. The first was produced in suckling mouse brain(More)
This study aimed to evaluate natural infection of bats by trypanosomatids. Using blood culturing, 86 specimens from different genera were examined, and 22 samples (25.58%) of Desmodus rotundus and Lonchorhina aurita were isolated. These results contribute towards knowledge of the occurrence of trypanosomatids in bats in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
A rabies virus neutralization potency test (VNPT), adapted to microplates from the rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (RFFIT) for rabies therapeutic immunoglobulin potency evaluation, was standardized and validated in a two-center study in Brazil. The two institutes involved in the study were: Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde(More)
This study aimed to evaluate natural infection of bats by trypanosomatids. Using blood culturing, 86 specimens from different genera were examined, and 22 samples (25.58%) of Desmodus rotundus and Lonchorhina aurita were isolated. These results contribute towards knowledge of the occurrence of trypanosomatids in bats in the State of Rio de Janeiro.(More)
et al. Tentative characterization of new environmental giant viruses by MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometry.seillevirus highlights the role of amoebae as a melting pot in emergence of chime-ric microorganisms. virophage as a unique parasite of the giant mimivirus. To the Editor: Human herpesvirus 1 (HHV-1) infections in New World monkey species, especially in the(More)
INTRODUCTION In the State of Ceará, a new variant of the rabies virus was identified associated with cases of human rabies transmitted by common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), which are frequently kept as pets. This new variant does not present antigenic proximity or genetic relationship to variants of the virus isolated from bats and terrestrial mammals(More)
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