Phyllis Brawarsky

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OBJECTIVE Gestational weight gain consistent with the Institute of Medicine's recommendations is associated with better maternal and infant outcomes. The objective was to quantify the effect of pre-pregnancy factors, pregnancy-related health conditions, and modifiable pregnancy factors on the risks of inadequate and excessive gestational weight gain. (More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relationships among prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), women's target gestational weight gain, and provider weight gain advice. METHODS Project WISH, the acronym for Women and Infants Starting Healthy, is a longitudinal cohort study of pregnant women in the San Francisco Bay area. We excluded subjects with preterm birth, multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine changes in health status among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). METHODS We examined perceived health status changes from the prepregnancy, as recalled at 12-20 weeks gestation, to the postpartum period in women with GDM (n = 64) vs. unaffected gravidas (n = 1233) and women(More)
PURPOSE To identify risk factors for lack of breastfeeding initiation and duration of <1 month among a racially diverse cohort of women. In particular, our interest was to examine depressive symptoms during pregnancy as a potential risk factor for not initiating or continuing breastfeeding. METHODS Survey and medical record data from a cohort of pregnant(More)
BACKGROUND Despite extensive evaluation, our understanding of risk factors for premature delivery is incomplete. OBJECTIVE To examine whether a woman's health status and risk factors before pregnancy are associated with a woman's risk of preterm delivery, independent of risk factors that occur during pregnancy. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND Questions have existed as to whether residential segregation is a mediator of racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer care and breast cancer mortality, or has a differential effect by race/ethnicity. METHODS Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare database on white, black, and Hispanic women aged 66 to 85 years(More)
This study explored: (1) patient characteristics associated with physician recommendation for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and patient adherence to recommendation, and (2) the combined effect of recommendation and adherence on CRC testing, broadly defined. Data were from the 1999 MA BRFSS and a call-back survey of 869 BRFSS participants, age 50 and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the extent of prescription drug use and the use of category D or X drugs during pregnancy and examine the maternal characteristics associated with use. METHODS Medical record and survey data from an observational cohort of pregnant women from 2001 to 2003 (n=1626) were analyzed to examine the use of prescription drugs and the use of(More)
BACKGROUND Disparities in treatment and mortality for colorectal cancer (CRC) may reflect differences in access to specialized care or other characteristics of the area where an individual lives. METHODS Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program-Medicare data for seniors diagnosed with CRC were linked to area measures of the sociodemographic(More)
We examined how traditional (income, education) and nontraditional (public assistance, material deprivation, subjective social standing) socioeconomic status (SES) indicators were associated with self-rated health, physical functioning, and depression in ethnically diverse pregnant women. Using multiple regression, we estimated the association of(More)