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Infections caused by community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) are being increasingly observed in patients who lack traditional risk factors. We described 8 postpartum women who developed skin and soft-tissue infections caused by MRSA at a mean time of 23 days (range, 4-73 days) after delivery. Infections included 4 cases of(More)
We reviewed medical records of patients without known HIV and with positive cultures for nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) isolated during 2000-2003 from 1 large hospital in New York, New York. Overall, 505 patients had positive NTM cultures; 119 (24%) met the criteria for NTM disease. The difference between demographic characteristics of case-patients in(More)
Although red blood cell (RBC) transfusions can be lifesaving, they are not without risk. In critically ill patients, RBC transfusions are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, which may increase with prolonged RBC storage before transfusion. The mechanisms responsible remain unknown. We hypothesized that acute clearance of a subset of damaged,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare skin condition and skin microbiology among intensive care unit personnel using one of two randomly assigned hand hygiene regimens: a 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)-containing traditional antiseptic wash and a waterless handrub containing 61% ethanol with emollients (ALC). DESIGN Prospective, randomized clinical trial. SETTING Two(More)
Fluvastatin, a cholesterol-lowering drug, exhibited minimal activity (MICs of 64 to >128 microg/ml) against Candida species and Cryptococcus neoformans. When fluvastatin was combined with fluconazole or itraconazole, both synergistic and additive effects were noted (fractional inhibitory concentration indices of < or = 0.156 to 0.625; fractional lethal(More)
Lymphoma represents a major source of morbidity and mortality among AIDS patients. AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) are almost invariably B-cell derived, are classified as high or intermediate grade lymphomas, and display three main histologic types: namely, small non-cleaved cell lymphoma (SNCCL), large cell immunoblastic plasmacytoid(More)
BACKGROUND Correctly diagnosing tuberculosis (TB) in children is critical to provide appropriate treatment and to detect undiagnosed source cases. However, diagnosing TB in children may be difficult. OBJECTIVE We sought to determine whether Amplicor, a Food and Drug Administration-approved polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay used to detect Mycobacterium(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the burden of care experienced by our pediatric health care facility in New York, New York, from May 3, 2009, to July 31, 2009, during the novel influenza A(H1N1) pandemic that began in spring 2009. DESIGN Retrospective case series. SETTING Pediatric emergency departments and inpatient facilities of New York-Presbyterian Hospital.(More)
CONTEXT In laboratory trials, nucleic acid amplification tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) are more accurate than acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear microscopy and are faster than culture. The impact of these tests on clinical diagnosis is not known. OBJECTIVE To assess the performance of a nucleic acid amplification test, the enhanced Mycobacterium(More)