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Neuropeptides are a ubiquitous class of signaling molecules. In our attempt to understand the generation of feeding behavior in Aplysia, we have sought to identify and fully characterize the neuropeptides operating in this system. Preliminary evidence indicated that Mytilus inhibitory peptide (MIP)-like peptides are present and operating in the circuitry(More)
The major ganglionic connectives in Aplysia are assayed to determine putative neuropeptides. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry allows direct measurement of peptides in a nerve. Many previously characterized peptides are observed, including APGWamide, buccalins, small cardioactive peptides, and egg-laying hormone. Several(More)
The isolation, characterization, and bioactivity in the feeding circuitry of a novel neuropeptide in the Aplysia californica central nervous system are reported. The 17-residue amidated peptide, NGGTADALYNLPDLEKIamide, has been termed cerebrin due to its primary location in the cerebral ganglion. Liquid chromatographic purification guided by matrix-assisted(More)
The first Aplysia californica insulin gene is characterized and its proteolytic processing from prohormone to final peptides elucidated using a combination of biochemical and mass spectrometric methods. Aplysia insulin (AI) is one of the largest insulins found, with a molecular weight of 9146 Da, and an extended A chain compared with other invertebrate and(More)
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization with time-of-flight mass spectrometry is used to examine the formation of N-pyroglutamate (pGlu) in single, identified neurons from Aplysia. Six pGlu peptides are identified in the R3-14 and the R15 neurons that result from in vivo processing of peptides containing either Glu or Gln at their respective N-termini.(More)
An HIV prevention program was piloted on an acute inpatient admission ward. Patients who volunteered to participate had significantly higher rates of histories of substance use than non-participants, suggesting that patients participated based on rational concerns about past HIV risk behavior. The program consisted of 75 minute sessions once a week for(More)
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