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BACKGROUND Recent advances in massively parallel sequencing have increased the depth at which T cell receptor (TCR) repertoires can be probed by >3log10, allowing for saturation sequencing of immune repertoires. The resolution of this sequencing is dependent on its accuracy, and direct assessments of the errors formed during high throughput repertoire(More)
Although IFN-gamma is the archetypal Th1 cytokine, its role in CTL maturation is uncertain. We used an in vivo mouse model of CTL development, parent-into-F(1) acute graft-vs-host disease (AGVHD), to evaluate this issue. In AGVHD, transfer of naive parental T cells into F(1) hosts stimulates the development of allospecific CTL effectors that eliminate host(More)
The parent-into-F1 mouse model (P-->F1) of acute graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD) is a useful model of human acute GVHD because it allows the study of the T cell contribution to pathology without the complicating effects of conditioning regimens. To determine the similarity of this model to human GVHD, we assessed injury in organs typically involved in human(More)
Several classes of anergic T cells are capable of suppressing naive T cell proliferation and thereby limiting immune responses. Activated T cells, although not anergic, are transiently refractory to restimulation with Ag. We examine in this study whether activated refractory murine T cells can also suppress naive T cell responses. We find that they can, and(More)
Clinical and experimental data support a role for the intact cortex in recovery of function after stroke, particularly ipsilesional areas interconnected to the infarct. There is, however, little understanding of molecular events in the intact cortex, as most studies focus on the infarct and peri-infarct regions. This study investigated neuronal(More)
The murine gamma-herpesvirus 68 has many similarities to EBV, and induces a syndrome comparable to infectious mononucleosis (IM). The frequency of activated CD8+ T cells (CD62L(lo)) in the peripheral blood increased greater than fourfold by 21 d after infection of C57BL/6J (H-2(b)) mice, and remained high for at least a further month. The spectrum of T cell(More)
We have used T-cell receptor beta-chain transgenic mice to determine the effects of a limited T-cell receptor repertoire on major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted epitope selection during the course of an influenza virus infection. Analysis of T-cell hybridomas generated from wild-type and transgenic mice demonstrated that the viral epitope(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy using receptor-modified T lymphocytes has shown promise in preclinical studies for the treatment of infectious and malignant diseases. These modified T cells express chimeric receptors that link ligand recognition and signal transduction domains in a single gene product. Typically, a single chain Fv fragment is genetically attached to(More)
To address whether a functional dichotomy exists between CD80 and CD86 in naive T cell activation in vivo, we administered anti-CD80 or CD86 blocking mAb alone or in combination to mice with parent-into-F(1) graft-vs-host disease (GVHD). In this model, the injection of naive parental T cells into unirradiated F(1) mice results in either a Th1(More)
Alopecia areata is among the most prevalent autoimmune diseases, yet compared with other autoimmune conditions, it is not well studied. This in part results from limitations in the C3H/HeJ mouse and DEBR rat model systems most commonly used to study the disease, which display a low frequency and late onset. We describe a novel high-incidence model for(More)