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The four N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor NR2 subunits (NR2A-D) have different developmental, anatomical, and functional profiles that allow them to serve different roles in normal and neuropathological situations. Identification of subunit-selective NMDA receptor agonists, antagonists, or modulators could prove to be both valuable pharmacological tools(More)
NMDA receptors are tetrameric complexes of NR1 and NR2A-D subunits that mediate excitatory synaptic transmission and have a role in neurological disorders. In this article, we identify a novel subunit-selective potentiator of NMDA receptors containing the NR2C or NR2D subunit, which could allow selective modification of circuit function in regions(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are ligand-gated ion channels that mediate a slow, Ca(2+)-permeable component of excitatory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system and play a pivotal role in synaptic plasticity, neuronal development, and several neurological diseases. We describe a fluorescence-based assay that measures NMDA(More)
Extracellular protons inhibit N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors with an IC50 value in the physiological pH range. To identify the molecular determinants of proton sensitivity, we used scanning mutagenesis of the NR1 subunit to search for residues that control proton inhibition of NMDA receptors. Homology modeling of the extracellular domains suggested(More)
The c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), have been implicated in the development and progression of several human cancers and are attractive targets for cancer therapy. PHA-665752 was identified as a small molecule, ATP-competitive, active-site inhibitor of the catalytic activity of c-Met kinase (K(i) 4 nM).(More)
Heteromeric NMDARs are composed of coagonist glycine-binding NR1 subunits and glutamate-binding NR2 subunits. The majority of functional NMDARs in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS) contain two NR1 subunits and two NR2 subunits of which there are four types (A-D). We show that the potency of a variety of endogenous and synthetic glycine-site(More)
We describe a new class of subunit-selective antagonists of N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA)-selective ionotropic glutamate receptors that contain the (E)-3-phenyl-2-styrylquinazolin-4(3H)-one backbone. The inhibition of recombinant NMDA receptor function induced by these quinazolin-4-one derivatives is noncompetitive and voltage-independent, suggesting that(More)
We have studied relative efficacies of NR1 agonists glycine and d-cycloserine (DCS), and found efficacy to be dependent on the NR2 subunit. DCS shows partial agonism at NR1/NR2B but has higher relative efficacy than glycine at NR1/NR2C receptor. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the NR1/NR2B and NR1/NR2C agonist binding domain dimer suggest only subtle(More)
We have compared the potencies of structurally distinct channel blockers at recombinant NR1/NR2A, NR1/NR2B, NR1/NR2C and NR1/NR2D receptors. The IC50 values varied with stereochemistry and subunit composition, suggesting that it may be possible to design subunit-selective channel blockers. For dizocilpine (MK-801), the differential potency of MK-801(More)
Enantiomeric propanolamines have been identified as a new class of NR2B-selective NMDA receptor antagonists. The most effective agents are biaryl structures, synthesized in six steps with overall yields ranging from 11-64%. The compounds are potent and selective inhibitors of NR2B-containing recombinant NMDA receptors with IC 50 values between 30-100 nM.(More)