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A 100 ns molecular dynamics simulation of penta-alanine in explicit water is performed to study the reversible folding and unfolding of the peptide. Employing a standard principal component analysis (PCA) using Cartesian coordinates, the resulting free-energy landscape is found to have a single minimum, thus suggesting a simple, relatively smooth(More)
—Due to the large-scale implementation of distributed generation, the power delivery system is changing gradually from a " vertically " to a " horizontally " controlled and operated structure. This transition has prompted the emergence of the active distribution network (ADN) concept as an efficient and flexible distribution system to deal with various(More)
Principal component analysis is a powerful method for projecting multidimensional conformational space of peptides or proteins onto lower dimensional subspaces in which the main conformations are present, making it easier to reveal the structures of molecules from e.g. molecular dynamics simulation trajectories. However, the identification of all(More)
Restricted Boltzmann Machines (RBMs) and models derived from them have been successfully used as basic building blocks in deep artificial neural networks for automatic features extraction, unsupervised weights initialization, but also as density estimators. Thus, their generative and discriminative capabilities, but also their computational time are(More)
Employing the recently developed hierarchical nonlinear principal component analysis (NLPCA) method of Saegusa et al. (Neurocomputing 2004;61:57-70 and IEICE Trans Inf Syst 2005;E88-D:2242-2248), the complexities of the free energy landscapes of several peptides, including triglycine, hexaalanine, and the C-terminal beta-hairpin of protein G, were studied.(More)