Phoenix A. Ho

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Recent whole-genome sequencing efforts led to the identification of IDH1R132 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. We studied the prevalence and clinical implications of IDH1 genomic alterations in pediatric and adult AML. Diagnostic DNA from 531 AML patients treated on Children's Oncology Group trial COG-AAML03P1 (N=257), and Southwest(More)
The transcription factor, CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα), is crucial for granulopoiesis and is deregulated by various mechanisms in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Mutations in the CEBPA gene are reported in 10% of human patients with AML. Even though the C/EBPα mutants are known to display distinct biologic function during leukemogenesis, the(More)
1Clinical Research Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA; 2Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle; 3Children’s Oncology Group, Arcadia, CA; 4Department of Biostatistics, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles; 5Division of Medical Oncology,(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the prevalence and clinical implications of Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs16754 in the context of other prognostic markers in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). PATIENTS AND METHODS Available diagnostic marrow specimens (n = 790) from 1,328 patients enrolled in three consecutive Children's Cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the DNMT3A, TET2, IDH1, and IDH2 genes carry prognostic significance and occur frequently in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Leukemic mutations in all four genes have recently been implicated in aberrant DNA methylation, a hallmark of neoplasia. We previously reported that IDH1 mutations were absent, whereas TET2 mutations were(More)
The clinical, histopathologic, and ultrastructural features of a primary cutaneous vulvar neuroendocrine neoplasm (Merkel cell carcinoma) are presented. This recently described tumor arises in the dermis and is often aggressive with metastasis to regional lymph nodes. Ultrastructural study of this case reveals morphologic similarities to normal cutaneous(More)
Ectopic viral integration site-1 (EVI1) is highly expressed in certain cytogenetic subsets of adult acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), and has been associated with inferior survival. We sought to examine the clinical and biological associations of EVI1(high) , defined as expression in excess of normal controls, in paediatric AML. EVI1 mRNA expression was(More)
1 Vajdic CM, van Leeuwen MT. What types of cancers are associated with immune suppression in HIV? Lessons from solid organ transplant recipients. Curr Opin HIV AIDS 2009; 4: 35–41. 2 Law GR. Invited commentary: do clusters of leukemia and lymphoma provide evidence for an infectious cause? Am J Epidemiol 2005; 162: 823–824. 3 Ben-Bassat I, Raanani P, Gale(More)
OBJECTIVES Few genetic causes of exocrine pancreatic dysfunction have been described to date. We identified a family with multiple affected members manifesting exocrine pancreatic dysfunction. Additional associated features included facial rash, sparse hair, hypohidrosis, and swelling of the extremities. The transmission pattern of these clinical features(More)
CEBPA mutations have been associated with improved outcome in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We evaluated the prevalence and prognostic significance of CEBPA mutations in 847 children with AML treated on 3 consecutive pediatric trials. Two types of CEBPA mutations-N-terminal truncating mutations and in-frame bZip-domain mutations-were detected in 38(More)