Phoebe S. Leboy

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The differentiation of adipocytic and osteogenic cells has been investigated in cultures of adult rat marrow stromal cells. Adipocytic differentiation was assessed using morphological criteria, changes in expression of procollagen mRNAs, consistent with a switch from the synthesis of predominantly fibrillar (types I and III) to basement membrane (type IV)(More)
Adult vertebrates require a continuous supply of osteoblasts for both bone remodeling and regeneration during fracture repair. This implies the existence of a reservoir of cells in the body capable of osteogenesis. One source of these osteoprogenitors is the stem cells within the fibroblastic component of bone marrow stroma. Mature osteoblasts are(More)
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSC) are the major source of osteoblasts for bone remodeling and repair in postnatal animals. Rodent MSC cultured with bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) differentiate into osteoblasts, but most human MSC show a poor osteogenic response to BMPs. In this study we demonstrate that BMP-induced osteogenesis in poorly responsive human(More)
Numerous studies of experimental hypo- and hypervitaminosis A have long suggested that retinoic acid (RA) is involved in chondrocyte maturation during endochondral ossification and skeletogenesis. However, the specific and direct roles of RA in these complex processes remain unclear. Based on recent studies from our laboratories, we tested the hypothesis(More)
Chondrocytes isolated from the cephalic region of sterna from 14-day-old chick embryos used beta 1 integrins and required either Mg2+ or Mn2+ for attachment to plates coated with type I collagen, type II collagen, and fibronectin. beta 1 integrin was concentrated in adhesion plaques of the chondrocytes plated on type I collagen, type II collagen, and(More)
During the process of endochondral bone formation, proliferating chondrocytes give rise to hypertrophic chondrocytes, which then deposit a mineralized matrix to form calcified cartilage. Chondrocyte hypertrophy and matrix mineralization are associated with expression of type X collagen and the induction of high levels of the bone/liver/kidney isozyme of(More)
Matrix vesicles (MV) play a key role in the initiation of cartilage mineralization. Although many components in these microstructures have been identified, the specific function of each component is still poorly understood. In this study, we show that metalloproteases (MMP), MMP-2, -9, and -13 are associated with MV isolated from growth plate cartilage. In(More)
BACKGROUND Intracellular signaling triggered by bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) results in activated Smad complexes that regulate transcription of BMP-responsive genes. However, the low specificity of Smad binding to regulatory sequences implies that additional tissue-specific transcription factors are also needed. Runx2 (Cbfal) is a transcription factor(More)
To map transcriptional events associated with mineralization in developing long bones, we have established protocols for preparing RNA from regions of chick epiphyseal cartilage. Using these RNA preparations, we have probed for appearance of mRNA coding for type I, II, and X collagen, as well as osteonectin and calmodulin. Type II collagen mRNA was found in(More)
We have usedin situ hybridization to examine expression of collagen type I, II, and X mRNA and osteonectin mRNA in the chick epiphysis. Tissue samples from the proximal tibial growth cartilage were fixed in modified Carnoy's solution, dehydrated in ethanol, and embedded in paraffin. Longitudinal and transverse sections were dimineralized with HCl and(More)