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We have used [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and PET to identify specific metabolic covariance patterns associated with Parkinson's disease and related disorders previously. Nonetheless, the physiological correlates of these abnormal patterns are unknown. In this study we used PET to measure resting state glucose metabolism in 42 awake unmedicated Parkinson's(More)
We used [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose/positron emission tomography (18F-FDG/PET) and a statistical model of regional covariation to study brain topographic organization in parkinsonism. We studied 22 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), 20 age-matched normal volunteers, and 10 age- and severity-matched patients with presumed striatonigral degeneration (SND).(More)
Normal aging is associated with the degeneration of specific neural systems. We used [18F] fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)/positron emission tomography (PET) and a statistical model of regional covariation to explore the metabolic topography of this process. We calculated global and regional metabolic rates for glucose (GMR and rCMRglc) in two groups of normal(More)
Early-onset idiopathic torsion dystonia (ITD) is an autosomal dominant hyperkinetic movement disorder with incomplete penetrance, associated with a 3 base-pair deletion in the DYT1 gene on chromosome 9q34. To determine the metabolic substrates of brain dysfunction in DYT1 dystonia, we scanned 7 nonmanifesting and 10 affected DYT1 carriers and 14 normal(More)
Stereotaxic ventral pallidotomy has been employed in the symptomatic treatment of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). To understand the pathophysiology of clinical outcome following this procedure, we studied 10 PD patients (5 men and 5 women; mean age 60.0 +/- 6.1 years; mean Hoehn and Yahr stage 3.8 +/- 1.0) with quantitative(More)
UNLABELLED Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and PET have been used to identify an abnormal regional metabolic covariance pattern in Parkinson's disease (PD). To examine the potential use of this covariance pattern as a metabolic imaging marker for PD, we describe the Topographic Profile Rating (TPR), which is a method for calculating subject scores for(More)
Early-stage Parkinson's disease (EPD) is often clinically asymmetric. We used 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and PET to assess whether EPD can be detected by a characteristic pattern of regional metabolic asymmetry. To identify this pattern, we studied 10 EPD (Hoehn and Yahr stage I) patients (mean age 61.1 +/- 11.1 years) using 18F-FDG and PET to calculate(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify regional metabolic brain networks related specifically to the presence of tremor in PD. BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of parkinsonian tremor is unknown. Because tremor in PD occurs mainly in repose, we used resting state PET with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) to identify specific metabolic brain networks associated with this clinical(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with an abnormal pattern of regional brain function. The expression of this PD-related covariance pattern (PDRP) has been used to assess disease progression and the response to treatment. In this study, we validated the PDRP network as a measure of parkinsonism by prospectively computing its expression (PDRP scores) in(More)
We used a network approach to assess systems-level abnormalities in motor activation in humans with Parkinson's disease (PD). This was done by measuring the expression of the normal movement-related activation pattern (NMRP), a previously validated activation network deployed by healthy subjects during motor performance. In this study, NMRP expression was(More)