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BACKGROUND Soluble leptin receptor (OBRe), one of several leptin receptor isoforms, is the only bona fide leptin binding protein in plasma. Our earlier studies demonstrated that OBRe modulates leptin levels in circulation. Both clinical and in vitro studies have shown that OBRe expression is inversely correlated to body weight and leptin levels. However, it(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a potent monocyte chemoattractant synthesized by vascular cells and monocytes, has been proposed to be an important mediator of inflammatory responses in the arterial vasculature. It was recently demonstrated that hypertension is associated with an inflammatory response in the arterial wall. To determine the(More)
We have discovered that some weak uncouplers (typified by butylated hydroxytoluene) have a dynamic range of more than 10(6) in vitro: the concentration giving measurable uncoupling is less than one millionth of the concentration causing full uncoupling. They achieve this through a high-affinity interaction with the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide(More)
Although evidence that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle has been accumulating, a causal link between mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of the disease remains unclear. Our study focuses on an early stage of the disease to determine whether mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are self-renewing clonal progenitor cells of nonhematopoietic tissues that exhibit a marked tropism to wounds and tumors. The authors' studies aimed at exploring how local anesthetics would affect MSC biology. METHODS Proliferation, colony formation, in vitro wound healing, and bone differentiation assays of(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of studies investigating cardioprotection by common combinations of anesthetics. However, because a general anesthetic consists of a mixture of drugs with potentially interfering effects on signaling and cytoprotection, the most favorable combination should be used. METHODS Working rat hearts were exposed to 20 min of ischemia(More)
BACKGROUND Intralipid® administration at reperfusion elicits protection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were exposed to 15 min of ischemia and 30 min of reperfusion in the absence or presence of Intralipid® 1% administered at the onset of(More)
Thrombin has been implicated as an important mediator of vascular lesion formation in atherosclerosis and restenosis. To investigate a potential role for thrombin signaling in the vascular response to hypertension, we have studied thrombin receptor (TR) expression and regulation in hypertensive rats. Aortic TR mRNA was upregulated by angiotensin II (Ang(More)
AIMS Infarct-remodelled hearts are less amenable to protection against ischaemia/reperfusion. Understanding preservation of energy metabolism in diseased vs. healthy hearts may help to develop anti-ischaemic strategies effective also in jeopardized myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS Isolated infarct-remodelled/sham Sprague-Dawley rat hearts were perfused in(More)
The flux of Ca(2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to mitochondria regulates mitochondria metabolism. Within tumor tissue, mitochondria metabolism is frequently repressed, leading to chemotherapy resistance and increased growth of the tumor mass. Therefore, altered ER-mitochondria Ca(2+) flux could be a cancer hallmark, but only a few regulatory(More)